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The results of a polycentric study to assess the reference values of urinary mercury (U-Hg) in four Italian cities are presented. A total of 383 subjects were selected on the basis of standardised criteria by a questionnaire on personal habits, lifestyle, occupational or non-occupational exposure to Hg, medical history, number and area of dental amalgams.(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of oxaliplatin scheduling on the onset of peripheral neurotoxicity and ototoxicity in a rat model. Animals were treated with four different schedules of oxaliplatin using two cumulative doses (36 and 48 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.)). The neuropathological examination evidenced dorsal root ganglia (DRG)(More)
Eighteen cadavers from routine autopsy casework were subject to a study of tissue levels of total mercury in brain, thyroid, and kidney samples by atomic absorption. On these same cadavers, all dental amalgam fillings (the most important source of inorganic mercury exposure in the general population, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) were(More)
In order to establish reference values of thallium in tissues of the general population the element was determined in blood (TlB) and urine (TlU) of 123 healthy inhabitants living in the Marche region, Central Italy. The analysis was carried out by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS; detection limit in our experimental conditions, 0.001(More)
This paper presents the results of a polycentric study carried out in seven different areas, organized by the Italian Society of Reference Values (SIVR) for assessing reference values of lead in blood (B-Pb) at the current doses of the metal to general population. The estimated arithmetic mean for B-Pb in males was of 45.1 microg/l and 30.6 microg/l in(More)
It has been shown that chronic treatment with lithium carbonate (Li(2)CO(3)) in presymptomatic SOD1G93A transgenic male mice, a model of ALS, was able to remarkably increase their lifespan through the activation of autophagy and the promotion of mitochondriogenesis and neurogenesis. This prompted us to test the lithium effect also in female SOD1G93A mice(More)
To detect trace amounts of urinary cyclophosphamide (CP), ifosfamide (IF) and methotrexate (MTX), sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography/ tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) procedures, incorporating either liquid-liquid (for CP and IF), or solid-phase, extraction (for MTX) have been developed. Urinary platinum (Pt) was also(More)
OBJECTIVE Many heavy metals are essential nutrients for a healthy life. However, significant evidence supports prolonged prenatal exposure as a risk factor for several adverse health effects. The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of heavy metals in human amniotic fluid (AF) to demonstrate that there is an early fetal in utero exposure. METHODS(More)
In recent years the increasing use of platinum (Pt) both in medical and in industrial applications has caused its growing anthropogenic emission and spread in the environment. Pt is released into the atmosphere by exhaust catalytic converters, and Pt compounds are often used in antitumour therapies. As a consequence, significant amounts of Pt can be(More)
Chronic exposure to elemental metallic mercury may induce an immunological glomerular disease. Since humans are exposed to mercury vapor (Hg0) from dental amalgam restorations and kidney is an important target organ of mercury vapor and mercury deposition in kidney increases proportionally with the dose, our aim was to test the occurrence of specific(More)