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The aim of this study was to determine the influence of oxaliplatin scheduling on the onset of peripheral neurotoxicity and ototoxicity in a rat model. Animals were treated with four different schedules of oxaliplatin using two cumulative doses (36 and 48 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.)). The neuropathological examination evidenced dorsal root ganglia (DRG)(More)
The results of a polycentric study to assess the reference values of urinary mercury (U-Hg) in four Italian cities are presented. A total of 383 subjects were selected on the basis of standardised criteria by a questionnaire on personal habits, lifestyle, occupational or non-occupational exposure to Hg, medical history, number and area of dental amalgams.(More)
In order to establish reference values of thallium in tissues of the general population the element was determined in blood (TlB) and urine (TlU) of 123 healthy inhabitants living in the Marche region, Central Italy. The analysis was carried out by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS; detection limit in our experimental conditions, 0.001(More)
Eighteen cadavers from routine autopsy casework were subject to a study of tissue levels of total mercury in brain, thyroid, and kidney samples by atomic absorption. On these same cadavers, all dental amalgam fillings (the most important source of inorganic mercury exposure in the general population, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) were(More)
To detect trace amounts of urinary cyclophosphamide (CP), ifosfamide (IF) and methotrexate (MTX), sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography/ tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) procedures, incorporating either liquid-liquid (for CP and IF), or solid-phase, extraction (for MTX) have been developed. Urinary platinum (Pt) was also(More)
The mouse L929 fibroblastic cell line presents low, but detectable, levels of the mRNA encoding xanthine oxidoreductase under basal conditions, and it responds to type I and type II interferons by inducing the expression of the transcript [Falciani, Ghezzi, Terao, Cazzaniga, and Garattini (1992) Biochem. J. 285, 1001-1008]. This cell line, however, does not(More)
This paper presents the results of a polycentric study carried out in seven different areas, organized by the Italian Society of Reference Values (SIVR) for assessing reference values of lead in blood (B-Pb) at the current doses of the metal to general population. The estimated arithmetic mean for B-Pb in males was of 45.1 microg/l and 30.6 microg/l in(More)
BACKGROUND While conventional transhepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is accepted worldwide as an effective treatment for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), its use in other hepatic tumors is not supported by randomized studies. Preliminary results have shown that new drug-eluting microspheres (DEM) seem to optimize TACE(More)
Selenium is a trace element essential for the activity of type I 5'-deiodinase which converts thyroxine (T4) to 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3). In iodine deficient hypothyroid children at low selenium dietary intake the supplementation of selenium induced a significant decrement of serum FT4 and T4 concentrations and an increase of serum TSH concentrations.(More)
BACKGROUND The oral bis (acetate) ammine dichloro cyclohexylamine platinum (IV) analogue (BMS-182751) was brought into clinical development because it was shown to be cytotoxic against some human tumour cell lines and to have an antitumor activity in murine tumours at least comparable to that of parenteral cisplatin and carboplatin. In early clinical(More)