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The aim of this study was to determine the influence of oxaliplatin scheduling on the onset of peripheral neurotoxicity and ototoxicity in a rat model. Animals were treated with four different schedules of oxaliplatin using two cumulative doses (36 and 48 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.)). The neuropathological examination evidenced dorsal root ganglia (DRG)(More)
The significant role of trace elements in human health is well documented. Trace elements are those compounds that need to be present in the human diet to maintain normal physiological functions. However, some microelements may become harmful at high levels of exposure, or, on the other hand, may give rise to malnutrition, when their exposure is too low.(More)
To detect trace amounts of urinary cyclophosphamide (CP), ifosfamide (IF) and methotrexate (MTX), sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography/ tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) procedures, incorporating either liquid-liquid (for CP and IF), or solid-phase, extraction (for MTX) have been developed. Urinary platinum (Pt) was also(More)
It has been shown that chronic treatment with lithium carbonate (Li(2)CO(3)) in presymptomatic SOD1G93A transgenic male mice, a model of ALS, was able to remarkably increase their lifespan through the activation of autophagy and the promotion of mitochondriogenesis and neurogenesis. This prompted us to test the lithium effect also in female SOD1G93A mice(More)
In order to establish reference values of thallium in tissues of the general population the element was determined in blood (TlB) and urine (TlU) of 123 healthy inhabitants living in the Marche region, Central Italy. The analysis was carried out by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS; detection limit in our experimental conditions, 0.001(More)
This paper presents the results of a polycentric study carried out in seven different areas, organized by the Italian Society of Reference Values (SIVR) for assessing reference values of lead in blood (B-Pb) at the current doses of the metal to general population. The estimated arithmetic mean for B-Pb in males was of 45.1 microg/l and 30.6 microg/l in(More)
The results of a polycentric study to assess the reference values of urinary mercury (U-Hg) in four Italian cities are presented. A total of 383 subjects were selected on the basis of standardised criteria by a questionnaire on personal habits, lifestyle, occupational or non-occupational exposure to Hg, medical history, number and area of dental amalgams.(More)
PURPOSE Antineoplastic drugs, such as cisplatin (CDDP), are severely neurotoxic, causing disabling peripheral neuropathies with clinical signs known as chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity. Cotreatment with neuroprotective agents and CDDP has been proposed for preventing or reversing the neuropathy. Erythropoietin given systemically has a wide(More)
Eighteen cadavers from routine autopsy casework were subject to a study of tissue levels of total mercury in brain, thyroid, and kidney samples by atomic absorption. On these same cadavers, all dental amalgam fillings (the most important source of inorganic mercury exposure in the general population, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) were(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a chronic condition characterized by an exaggerated response to toxicants. We ascertained the prevalence of allergy to metals and toxicological aspects in MCS patients. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 41 patients with MCS. We performed patch testing (n = 21) for dental(More)