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Human polyomavirus BK (BKV) and JC (JCV) infections were examined in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). High frequencies of BKV (24%) and JCV viruria (16%) were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). BKV viruria was not found in an immunocompetent control group, in contrast to a frequency of JCV viruria of 20%. The(More)
Our understanding of important stages in the pathogenesis of the human polyomavirus BK virus (BKV) and JC virus (JCV) infections is limited. In this context, nasopharyngeal aspirates from 201 children with respiratory diseases and saliva from 60 human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected adults and 10 healthy adult controls were collected and analyzed for(More)
OBJECTIVES To summarise knowledge about substance use among young indigenous Sami living in Norway. STUDY DESIGN Data from the North Norwegian Youth Study (NNYS)--a longitudinal questionnaire study conducted in 1994-1995 and 1997-1998 that represents the main source of information in the 1990s. METHODS The 1994-1995 sample included 3,000 ethnically(More)
AIMS A study was undertaken to examine predictors of smoking behaviour among indigenous Sami adolescents and non-indigenous peers in North Norway, and to examine for ethnic-specific predictors. METHODS This is a cross-sectional and longitudinal school-based and postal questionnaire study initially including 2,718 10th to 12th grade students (response rate(More)
The cross-sectional and prospective influences of ethnocultural factors on substance use were explored among indigenous Sami in northern Norway. Longitudinal data was collected in 1994/95 (school-based survey; N = 675; RR: 85%; late adolescence: 15-19; 54% females) and 1997/98 (combined school-based and postal questionnaire study; N = 360; RR: 57%; young(More)
OBJECTIVES Self-rated health (SRH) and associated risk and protective correlates were investigated among two indigenous adolescent populations, Greenlandic Inuit and Norwegian Sami. DESIGN Cross-sectional data were collected from "Well-being among Youth in Greenland" (WBYG) and "The Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study" (NAAHS), conducted during(More)
It has been hypothesized that Laestadianism has contributed to the less drinking observed among indigenous Sami. This paper further investigates the bivariate protective influence of Sami ethnicity on youth drinking behavior using logistic regressions. We simultaneously controlled for the influence of religious revival movements (Laestadianism or evangelic)(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine ethnic and gender differences in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among indigenous Sami, ethnocultural Kven and majority Norwegian adolescents, and ethnic-specific gender differences in smoking. DESIGN 'The North Norwegian Youth Study' was a longitudinal epidemiological study. It collected data at two time points at a three-year(More)
Drinking patterns among indigenous Sami and non-Sami adolescents in northern Norway were explored. Longitudinal data were collected in 1994/95 among 2,950 high school students (RR: 85%) and in 1997/98 among 1,510 follow-ups (RR: 57%). Longitudinally, Sami had significantly lower drinking rates for all measures. An increase in 30-day drinkers occurred during(More)
This qualitative study explores community resilience factors within an indigenous Sámi community in Northern Norway. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 22 informants, 12 females and 10 males, ranging in age from 13 to 19 years old, 12 of whom had reindeer husbandry affiliation. Data analysis used a modified grounded theory approach and narrative(More)