Anna R Young

Learn More
Plasmid DNA vaccines encoding full-length antigen often induce both potent antibody and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. Here, we examine strategies to exclusively elicit epitope-specific CTL responses using DNA constructs expressing a minimal class I MHC-restricted epitope of the nucleoprotein (NP) of influenza virus. The effects of the addition of(More)
A novel galectin cDNA (galectin-14) was cloned from ovine eosinophil-rich leukocytes by low stringency reverse transcriptase-PCR and cDNA library screening. Data base searches indicate that this gene encodes a novel prototype galectin that contains one putative carbohydrate recognition domain and exhibits most identity to galectin-9/ecalectin, a potent(More)
To investigate the biochemical components of egg-hatch in the body louse, Pediculus humanus, egg-shell-washings (ESW) were collected during the first 2 h post-hatching and analysed by gelatin SDS-PAGE. These ESW contained proteases with molecular mass in the range of 25-100 kDa; the most abundant proteases were approximately 25 kDa. The 3 main regions of(More)
Control of parasites through rational drug design requires a thorough understanding of the parasite's lifecycle encompassing the biochemical and physiological processes which contribute to normal parasite homeostasis. The hatching of parasite eggs for example, represents an important process in the development of a parasitic infection. Previous studies in(More)
Galectins are increasingly recognised as important immunological mediators of homeostasis and disease regulation. This paper gives an overview of current knowledge of galectin involvement in parasite infection and allergic inflammation, two very different but immunologically linked phenomena. Galectins are produced by both the parasite and the host and(More)
Across mammalian species, human galectin-10 and ovine galectin-14 are unique in their expression in eosinophils and their release into lung and gastrointestinal tissues following allergen or parasite challenge. Recombinant galectin-14 is active in carbohydrate binding assays and has been used in this study to unravel the function of this major eosinophil(More)
BACKGROUND There is strong evidence implicating eosinophils in host defence against parasites as well as allergic disease pathologies. However, a lack of reagents such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for eosinophils has made it difficult to confirm the functional role of eosinophils in such disease conditions. Using an established mammary model of(More)
Excretory/ secretory (ES) products were collected up to 6 h after egg hatch and analysed by SDS-PAGE. The larvae produced a complex array of molecules, the pattern of which changed dramatically over the time of culture. When larvae were cultured on isolated sheep skin, skin degradation was found to occur immediately upon egg hatch with digestion of the(More)
A number of proteases were identified in the egg shell washings (ESW) collected during the egg hatching of Lucilia cuprina (sheep blowfly). Characterization of these proteases indicated a pH optima in a similar pH range that was optimal for L. cuprina egg hatching. Mechanistic characterization of these proteases indicated that they were predominantly of the(More)
Galectin-11 and galectin-14 are ruminant galectins involved in parasitic infections. Although their roles in parasite immunity are still being elucidated, its appears that their functions are parasite specific. In gastrointestinal infections with the nematode Haemonchus contortus, both galectin-11 and galectin-14 appear to be protective. However, in a(More)