Anna R. Pavlovich

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Patient survival continues to be the standard measure of outcomes after burn injury. The current mortality following thermal injury, however, is very low, around 5% to 6%, and has changed little in almost 30 years. This article uses the National Burn Repository to assess the factors that affect mortality and discusses the need for other outcome measures.(More)
Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in thermally injured patients. However, these infections have not been well defined in this patient population. Therefore, the authors performed a retrospective case-control study to characterize the epidemiology, microbiology, and outcomes of burn-associated BSIs. A retrospective(More)
Serum (1→3)-β-D-glucan (BG) is increasingly used as diagnostic marker for invasive fungal infections. Exposure to gauze may lead to false-positive BG assays. The role of BG is unclear in thermally injured patients who frequently require extensive gauze coverage; therefore, we prospectively evaluated BG levels in burn-injured patients. Serum BG levels were(More)
Length of stay (LOS) continues to be a standard variable when evaluating progress and outcomes in burn care. Common wisdom would dictate that this measure is linearly related to TBSA. Is this truly the case? A retrospective review of the National Burn Repository was conducted to evaluate factors that affect hospital LOS. The National Burn Repository data(More)
In academic medical circles, burns are often touted as the ideal injury to study because the physiologic insult seems readily quantified—in other words, the total body surface area (TBSA). This metric of injury severity is indeed much more accessible than other closely allied specialties we all are familiar with, such as trauma and the injury severity score(More)
Domesticated porcine species are commonly used in studies of wound healing, owing to similarities between porcine skin and human skin. Such studies often involve wound dressings, and keeping these dressings intact on the animal can be a challenge. The authors describe a novel and simple technique for constructing a fitted neoprene garment for pigs that(More)
In 1976, the combination of cerium nitrate and silver sulfadiazine was introduced as a topical therapy for burn wounds. Experience with a locally prepared combination agent has shown physical change of the eschar and delayed subeschar bacterial colonization. A potential systemic complication of this treatment is the development of methemoglobinemia(More)
Little is known about the nutritional needs of obese burn patients. Given the impact of obesity on the morbidity and mortality of these patients, a uniform understanding of perceptions and practices is needed. To elucidate current practices of clinicians working with the obese burn population, the authors constructed a multidisciplinary survey designed to(More)
Bacterial infection in burn patients is still a devastating contributor to morbidity and mortality. Little is known regarding the presence of staphylococcal toxins in the burn-injured patient. The aim of this study was to characterize the prevalence of several of these toxins and their relationship to clinical metrics and mortality in burn patients. Levels(More)
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