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Late diagnosis of cancer in CD often occurs, and the prognosis is poor. The primary aim of this study was to assess the relationship between clinical presentation and diagnosis of intestinal adenocarcinoma in CD; the secondary aim was to evaluate the timing of cancer occurrence in CD patients. Medical records of 12 consecutive patients with intestinal(More)
AIM Diverting loop ileostomy is used to minimize the impact of anastomotic complication after restorative proctocolectomy (RPC). However, the ileostomy itself may have complications and therefore affect quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study was to analyse the predictors of complications of the ileostomy formation and closure and of the QOL of these(More)
BACKGROUND CD80 has been thought to play an active role in immunosurveillance as it has been found to be up-regulated in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients with dysplasia. The aim of the present study was to analyse early events in UC-related and non-inflammatory carcinogenesis with reference to CD80 expression to clarify what stimuli are involved in its(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopy and imaging objectively assess Crohn's disease (CD) activity. Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) uses no ionizing radiation, carries no significant morbidity, and is highly sensitive in revealing soft tissues inflammation. Diffusion-weighted imaging can distinguish intestinal inflammation from a lower diffusion of water molecules(More)
The aim of this work was to assess the diagnostic yield of some clinical diagnostic procedures utilized to establish a diagnosis of midgut neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Medical databases published between 1982 and 2007 were analyzed. Seventeen observational studies, including 629 patients, met the inclusion criteria. Urinary 5-HIAA is the first test to(More)
BACKGROUND Nowadays anti-TNF-alpha antibodies are used for the treatment of perianal Crohn's disease (CD). Nevertheless, this treatment is effective in only a part of these patients and recent studies suggested a role for other cytokines in chronic bowel inflammation. The aim of this study was to assess the cytokine profile in the rectal mucosa of patients(More)
While colonic resection is standard practice in complicated colonic diverticular disease (DD), treatment of uncomplicated diverticulitis is, as yet, unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and quality of life in DD patients undergoing colonic resection compared to those receiving medical treatment only.(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have demonstrated that obesity is a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC), but few data are available regarding its role in multifocal disease and postoperative recurrence. The present study aimed to assess the role of obesity as a risk factor for multifocal disease and postoperative recurrence in patients with CRC. PATIENTS(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that colorectal cancers (CRC) with DNA mismatch repair deficiency (MMR-D) are associated with a better prognosis than the generality of large bowel malignancies. Since an active immune surveillance process has been demonstrated to influence CRC outcome, we investigated whether MMR-D can enhance the immune response in CRC. (More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by repeated flare-ups of inflammation that can lead to oncogenic insults to the colonic epithelial. UC-associated carcinogenesis presents a different sequence of tumorigenic events compared to those that contribute to the development of sporadic colorectal cancer. In fact, in UC, the early events are represented by(More)