Anna Pezzotta

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Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing E.coli O157:H7 has become a global threat to public health; it is a primary cause of diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a disorder of thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and acute renal failure with thrombi occluding renal microcirculation. In this study, we explored whether Stx triggers(More)
BACKGROUND Dyslipidemia frequently complicates chronic nephropathies and increases the risk of renal and cardiovascular events. This might be ameliorated by drugs, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, which effectively reduce proteinuria. METHODS AND RESULTS In this longitudinal study, we evaluated the extent to which uptitration of the ACE(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most relevant health issues, leading to millions of deaths. The magnitude of the phenomenon remarks the urgent need for innovative and effective therapeutic approaches. Cell-based therapy with renal progenitor cells (RPCs) has been proposed as a possible strategy. Studies have shown the feasibility of directing(More)
Antigen-dependent and antigen-independent factors have been implicated in the pathophysiology of chronic allograft rejection, but their relative role is not well established. In the Fisher 344-->Lewis rat kidney transplant model, we sought (1) to compare the relative efficacy of the novel immunosuppressant, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), with that of the AT1(More)
Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli is the offending agent of postdiarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a disorder of glomerular ischemic damage and widespread microvascular thrombosis. We previously documented that Stx induces glomerular complement activation, generating C3a responsible for microvascular thrombosis in experimental(More)
BACKGROUND Immature dendritic cells (DC), characterized by low expression of both major histocompatibility complex class II antigens and co-stimulatory molecules, can be instrumental in the induction of peripheral tolerance. Because nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B is central to DC maturation, the authors engineered DC with an adenoviral vector (Adv) encoding(More)
Anemia can contribute to chronic allograft injury by limiting oxygen delivery to tissues, particularly in the tubulointerstitium. To determine mechanisms by which erythropoietin (EPO) prevents chronic allograft injury we utilized a rat model of full MHC-mismatched kidney transplantation (Wistar Furth donor and Lewis recipients) with removal of the native(More)
Shiga toxins (Stx) are the virulence factors of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7, a worldwide emerging diarrheal pathogen, which precipitates postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome, the leading cause of acute renal failure in children. In this study, we show that Stx2 triggered expression of fractalkine (FKN), a CX3C transmembrane chemokine,(More)
BACKGROUND The development of strategies to enhance the survival of transplanted organs and to potentially lower or even discontinue immunosuppressive therapy would represent a significant advancement in post-transplant patient care. METHODS We studied the effect of pretransplant infusion of donor leukocytes alone or in combination with a short course of(More)
Activation of endothelin-A receptor (ET(A)R) by endothelin-1 (ET-1) drives epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in ovarian tumor cells through β-arrestin signaling. Here, we investigated whether this pathogenetic pathway could affect podocyte phenotype in proliferative glomerular disorders. In cultured mouse podocytes, ET-1 caused loss of the podocyte(More)