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INTRODUCTION The role of granulocyte transfusions (GT) in patients with neutropenia-related infections remains controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis of 47 neutropenic patients, treated with 348 consecutive GTs for life-threatening infections between 1999 and 2004, is presented. RESULTS The only grade III-IV toxicity observed in(More)
Extracorporeal phototherapy (ECP) is a therapeutic approach based on the biological effect of psoralen 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and ultraviolet light A (UVA) on mononuclear cells collected by apheresis, and reinfused into the patient. Photopheresis is widely used for the treatment of patients with advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTLC). Evidence(More)
Chlamydiae are common human pathogens, causing a broad spectrum of infectious diseases. Chlamydial infections involving the heart have been described in numerous previous reports. These organisms are documented to cause endocarditis, myocarditis and pericarditis. Furthermore,Chlamydia pneumoniae, the recently discovered respiratory pathogen, has also been(More)
The role of plasma glucose concentration in the regulation of endogenous glucose production in the human newborn was examined by infusing glucose at 2.6-4.6 mg/kg . min as a continuous infusion to eight normal term appropriate for gestational age infants, five preterm, and six small for gestational age infants. All infants were healthy, had no overt(More)
High concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF), as well as excess of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs), are present in pleural fluid of patients with complicated parapneumonic effusion (CPPE). Several studies have shown that PMNs are capable of secreting TNF. However, the correlation between levels of TNF and PMN counts in pleural fluid of patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The frequency of thrombotic complications is increased in patients with acute leukemia. Since coagulation processes take place on cell membranes, we hypothesized that expression of coagulation proteins on blast membrane could determine the hemostatic balance on the surface of leukemic cells and may correlate with thrombotic(More)
Tetramethylrosamine (TMR) is excluded from P-glycoprotein (MDR1)-enriched cell lines, but it stains efficiently MDR1-poor parent lines. Application of the TMR resistance assay to cells obtained from chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) patients revealed, in all individuals, a significant resistance compared with healthy donors (P < 0.001). Cells from the(More)
The term "enteroinsular axis" refers to the enhancement of insulin release by hormones secreted from the gut. Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) is one of the major hormones that mediates this function. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the enteroinsular axis is functional in newborn infants born at term gestation. Between d 2 and d(More)
Pulmonary emphysema would be expected to reduce angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity due to diminished capillary bed. However, transpulmonary angiotensin conversion has been found to be unaffected or marginally reduced in emphysema. In the present study we examined the activity of ACE in an experimental model of emphysema. Vmax and Km of ACE were(More)
In a previous preliminary study an excess of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) was found in pleural fluid of patients with complicated parapneumonic effusion (CPPE), and its levels in pleural fluid of these patients were shown to be significantly higher than those in patients with uncomplicated parapneumonic effusion (UCPPE). This larger population study was(More)