Learn More
A questionnaire developed by the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) to assess bronchial symptoms has been tested for its ability to predict the bronchial response to histamine in adults aged 18-64 years living in two areas of southern England. A number of questions were found to be independently associated with increased(More)
The bronchial response to inhaled histamine has been suggested as an epidemiological tool for assessing the prevalence of asthma, though the exact relationship between reactivity and asthma is unknown. Tests of bronchial reactivity to histamine were carried out in 511 subjects aged 18-64 years, randomly selected from the population in two areas of the South(More)
BACKGROUND Frailty in older age is known to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, the extent to which frailty is associated with the CVD risk profile has been little studied. Our aim was to examine the associations of a range of cardiovascular risk factors with frailty and to assess whether these are independent of established CVD.(More)
A randomized controlled trial of an information and medical record booklet designed to improve patient understanding and participation in the management of hypertension was conducted in six inner London general practices. After one year there were no significant differences between the group who had received the booklets and the control group in mean(More)
Epidemiological problems arising from the absence of an agreed definition of asthma have led to the use of bronchial reactivity tests in community surveys of asthma prevalence. Since only a minority of the general population will develop bronchoconstriction in response to the dose of histamine considered acceptable for use in the community it is important(More)
Representative samples of 20-44 year old men living in 20 local authority districts in England were surveyed in 1986 by postal questionnaire and asked about symptoms associated with asthma and treatment for asthma. Regional health authorities provided information on all hospital discharges of men of the same age living in the same districts. Specific(More)
A relation between the prevalence of asthma and economic development has been suggested by studies in migrants and other surveys in developing countries. That this correlation might be partially explained by an increased intake of salt in the diet is supported by the observation that sales of table salt in the different regions of England and Wales are(More)
AIM Evidence is limited on performance of the Framingham risk score (FRS) in different socioeconomic groups; similar limitations apply to the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE). We examined the performance of coronary risk prediction systems in different socioeconomic groups in British men. METHODS AND RESULTS In a socially and geographically(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim was to investigate the effect on respiratory health of male middle tar smokers changing the tar and nicotine levels of the cigarettes they smoke for a six month period. DESIGN This was a randomised controlled trial. Middle tar smokers were randomly allocated to smoke one of three different types of cigarette (low tar, middle(More)
Airway reactivity is known to increase in relation to the severity of asthma, and, in the community, hyperreactivity has been shown to be associated with respiratory symptoms such as wheezing and shortness of breath. However, the relation between change in airway reactivity and change in the severity of respiratory symptoms and change in the use of asthma(More)