Learn More
A total of 51 goats, including seven clinical cases, from the first herd in Greece reported to have scrapie was examined to discern an association between scrapie susceptibility and polymorphisms of the gene encoding the prion protein (PrP). Each animal was evaluated for clinical signs of the disease, histopathological lesions associated with scrapie, the(More)
Inflammatory changes, characterized by an increase in pro-inflammatory cytokine production and up-regulation of the corresponding signaling pathways, have been described in the brains of aged rats and rats treated with the potent immune modulatory molecule lipopolysaccharide (LPS). These changes have been coupled with a deficit in long-term potentiation(More)
Age is characterized by deficits in synaptic function identified by decreased performance of aged animals in spatial learning tasks and reduced ability of animals to sustain long term potentiation (LTP). Several cellular and molecular events are correlated with these deficits, many of which are indicative of age-related neuroinflammatory and oxidative cell(More)
The age-related decline in cognitive function has been associated with biochemical changes that can be attenuated following n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid treatment. Dietary supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been shown to reverse age-related changes in synaptic function. Here, lipidomic analyses were undertaken to examine changes in lipid(More)
The association of alcoholism with macrocytic anaemia has lead to investigation of the role of cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase in mediating alcohol toxicity. Several studies have found that long-term ingestion of large quantities of ethanol causes inhibition of liver methionine synthase activity in vivo: however, ethanol has not been found to(More)
There is growing interest in the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for immune therapy. Clinical trials that use MSC for treatment of therapy resistant graft versus host disease, Crohn's disease and organ transplantation have initiated. Nevertheless, the immunomodulatory effects of MSC are only partly understood. Clinical trials that are supported by basic(More)
The skin is the primary barrier from the outside environment, protecting the host from injury, infectious pathogens, water loss and solar ultraviolet radiation. In this role, it is supported by a highly organized system comprising elements of innate and adaptive immunity, responsive to inflammatory stimuli. The cutaneous immune system is regulated by(More)
We describe two families with the 'cryohydrocytosis' form of stomatocytosis. Both show a mild stomatocytic anaemia with Hb levels of 12-16 g/dl and reticulocyte counts of 4.3-24%, with very marked autohaemolysis at refrigerator temperatures and pseudohyperkalaemia as a result of loss of K from red cells on storage at room temperature. The ouabain +(More)
Lipid mediators are produced from the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids through enzymatic and free radical-mediated reactions. When subject to oxygenation via cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenases, and cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, polyunsaturated fatty acids give rise to an array of metabolites including eicosanoids, docosanoids, and octadecanoids. These(More)
Two families with inherited abnormalities in Na and K transport across the red cell membrane are described. Both presented with 'pseudohyperkalaemia' as a result of loss of K from the red cells on storage at room temperature. Routine haematology was essentially normal, except for macrocytosis in one family. Studies of the temperature dependence of the(More)