Anna N. Kulakova

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The haloalkane dehalogenase (dhaA) gene from Rhodococcus rhodochrous NCIMB 13064 was cloned and sequenced. Its comparison with the previously studied dhlA gene from Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10 did not show homology. However, the amino acid sequences of the products of these genes showed approximately 30% identity and several of the catalytic amino acid(More)
Phosphonates are organophosphorus molecules that contain the highly stable C-P bond, rather than the more common, and more labile, C-O-P phosphate ester bond. They have ancient origins but their biosynthesis is widespread among more primitive organisms and their importance in the contemporary biosphere is increasingly recognized; for example phosphonate-P(More)
Rhodococcus rhodochrous NCIMB13064 can dehalogenate and use a wide range of 1-haloalkanes as sole carbon and energy source. The 1-chloroalkane degradation phenotype may be lost by cells spontaneously or after treatment with Mitomycin C. Two laboratory derivatives of the original strain exhibited differing degrees of stability of the chloroalkane degradation(More)
The Pseudomonas fluorescens 23F phosphonoacetate hydrolase gene (phnA) encodes a novel carbon-phosphorus bond cleavage enzyme whose expression is independent of the phosphate status of the cell. Analysis of the regions adjacent to the phosphonoacetate hydrolase structural gene (phnA) indicated the presence of five open reading frames (ORFs). These include(More)
Four extradiol dioxygenase genes which encode enzymes active against catechol and substituted catechols were cloned from two different Rhodococcus strains, and their nucleotide sequences were determined. A catechol 2,3-dioxygenase gene (edoC) was shown to be identical to the previously described ipbC gene from the isopropylbenzene operon of Rhodococcus(More)
Cryptic plasmids were found in Rhodococcus rhodochrous NCIMB13064 derivatives which had lost the ability to utilize short-chain 1-chloroalkanes (chain length C3-C10) and had acquired the ability to degrade naphthalene. The reversions of these derivatives to the original phenotype were accompanied by the loss of the cryptic plasmids. The 4969-bp pKA22(More)
Phosphonates are organic compounds that contain a C-P bond and are a poorly characterized component of the marine phosphorus cycle. They may represent a potential source of bioavailable phosphorus, particularly in oligotrophic conditions. This study has investigated the distribution of the phnA gene which encodes phosphonoacetate hydrolase, the enzyme that(More)
Rhodococcus rhodochrous NCIMB13064 can dehalogenate and utilise a number of halogenated aliphatic compounds as sole carbon and energy source. Mutants of NCIMB13064 can be easily isolated with an enlarged range of 1-chloroalkane utilising ability. Dehalogenation of 1-chlorononane, 1-chlorodecane and short-chain 1-chloroalkanes (C3-C8) is encoded by the same(More)
Phosphonopyruvate hydrolase, a novel bacterial carbon-phosphorus bond cleavage enzyme, was purified to homogeneity by a series of chromatographic steps from cell extracts of a newly isolated environmental strain of Variovorax sp. Pal2. The enzyme was inducible in the presence of phosphonoalanine or phosphonopyruvate; unusually, its expression was(More)
The phnA gene encoding a novel carbon-phosphorus bond cleavage enzyme, phosphonoacetate hydrolase, from Pseudomonas fluorescens 23F was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas putida. It conferred on the latter host the ability to mineralize phosphonoacetate but on the former the ability to utilize it as sole phosphorus source only. The(More)