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BACKGROUND Biological therapies are a new breakthrough in the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Among these, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha antagonists such as infliximab and etanercept are the most promising as TNF is considered to be essential in driving cytokine cascade at sites of cutaneous and synovial inflammation in this(More)
Cytokine serum levels, when detectable, are currently measured in many disease states, both to evaluate a possible pathogenetic involvement of such molecules and for clinical purposes. No data are currently available on the cytokine levels in the sera of patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV), a rare bullous disease of autoimmune origin. This study presents(More)
Several cytokines have been shown to be increased in psoriasis, mainly at the local and sometimes at the systemic level. At present, no data concerning the relationships between psoriasis and interleukin-7 (IL-7) are available. This biological modifier regulates immune response by means of its pleomorphic activities, including the ability to stimulate(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) plays a central role in sustaining the inflammatory process in the skin as well as in the joints of patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. In fact, biological therapies based on monoclonal antibodies against TNF-alpha have been proven to be effective on both the arthropathy and the cutaneous symptoms of the(More)
IL-10 is a cytokine produced by B and T-cells, monocytes and keratinocytes with pleiotropic effects, some of which are directed towards suppressing monocyte activities (anti-inflammatory cytokine). No information at the protein level is available concerning IL-10 in suction blister fluids from psoriatic skin, even if contrasting data have been reported on(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation represents an early and key event in the development of both the cutaneous psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Compelling evidences indicate that the production of TNF-alpha plays a central role in psoriasis by sustaining the inflammatory process in the skin as well as in the joints. Among the multiple effects produced by TNF-alpha on(More)
BACKGROUND Increased tumour necrosis factor alpha has been found in psoriatic skin. This cytokine activates endothelial cells and induces the membrane E-selectin molecule (E-selectin or endothelial leucocyte adhesion molecule 1); the same cytokine is able to induce its own receptors. Since the soluble forms of E-selectin and tumour necrosis factor receptor(More)
Endothelins (ETs), in addition to their systematical activities, exert important functions at the skin level, such as increase of keratinocyte proliferation, neo-angiogenesis and leukocyte chemotaxis, which are among the main characteristics of psoriasis. To assess a possible ET-1 involvement in plaque-type psoriasis, ET-1 determinations were carried out in(More)
Human papilloma virus type 5 (HPV-5) has been associated closely with psoriatic skin in Polish patients, while findings from other countries have indicated a more limited prevalence. The results of the present study, in which a type-specific nested PCR was used, indicated that scales of plaque-type psoriatic skin from 54 Italian patients had a high(More)
Increased levels of several cytokines, mainly proinflammatory mediators, have been reported in psoriatic lesions. Little information, if any, is available concerning other cytokines, especially those initially studied as marrow differentiation agents. Using the experimental approach of measuring cytokines released by skin organ cultures. IL-11 and three(More)