Anna Montali

Learn More
BACKGROUND Several studies have reported that the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) TaqIB gene polymorphism is associated with HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), but the results are inconsistent. In addition, an interaction has been implicated between this genetic variant and pravastatin treatment, but this(More)
Serum paraoxonase (PON) is an HDL-bound enzyme protecting LDL from oxidation. A common polymorphism of the paraoxonase gene (PON1) involving a Gln-to-Arg interchange at position 192 has been demonstrated to modulate PON activity toward paraoxon, a nonphysiological substrate; Arg192 (allele B) is associated with higher activity than Gln192 (allele A). This(More)
Insulin resistance is associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis. Insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) plays a key role in tissue insulin sensitivity. A common mutation (G972R) of the IRS-1 gene has been shown to impair IRS-1 function, and it has been associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and lipid abnormalities. This led us to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND The present study evaluated the role of the PON1 L55M polymorphism independently and in conjunction with the Q192R polymorphism on the risk of coronary atherosclerosis in an Italian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three hundred and ninety-one subjects with significant coronary stenosis (> 50%) (coronary artery disease-positive; CAD+), 196(More)
CONTEXT Myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke are thought to be caused by matrix digestion by metalloproteinases (MMPs) leading to rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. Production of macrophage MMP-2 and MMP-9 is induced by cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E(2) synthesis. Although COX-2 expression may be genetically determined, the relation(More)
The anti-atherogenic effect of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) genetic variants associated with lowered enzyme activity is controversial. Moreover, in a few studies, this effect has been evaluated in the presence of a certain risk factor constellation. We addressed this issue in a case-control study, where 415 subjects with angiographically(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1 has been suggested to play a role in atherosclerosis. Several genetic polymorphisms have been described in the genes of the IL-1 cluster and associations with coronary artery disease (CAD) have been reported, although with contrasting results. DESIGN AND METHODS The associations of(More)
We previously described a Sardinian family in which the probands had a severe form of hypercholesterolemia, suggestive of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). However, low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor activity in fibroblasts from these subjects and LDL binding ability were normal. The characteristics of the pedigree were consistent with an autosomal(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiopoietin-like 3 (Angptl3) is a regulator of lipoprotein metabolism at least by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase activity. Loss-of-function mutations in ANGPTL3 cause familial combined hypolipidemia through an unknown mechanism. APPROACH AND RESULTS We compared lipolytic activities, lipoprotein composition, and other lipid-related enzyme/lipid(More)
S.M. Boekholdt, MD; F.M. Sacks, MD; J.W. Jukema, MD, PhD; J. Shepherd, MD; D.J. Freeman, PhD; A.D. McMahon, PhD; F. Cambien, MD; V. Nicaud, MA; G.J. de Grooth, MD, PhD; P.J. Talmud, PhD, DSc, FRCPath; S.E. Humphries, PhD, FRCPath, MRCP; G.J. Miller, MD, FRCP; G. Eiriksdottir, MSc; V. Gudnason, MD, PhD; H. Kauma, MD; S. Kakko, MD, PhD; M.J. Savolainen, MD,(More)