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Vancomycin resistance in enterococci is an emerging therapeutic problem. Resistance is not always detected by standard microbiological methods. Oligonucleotide primers for PCR were designed to target amplification of defined regions of genes of the vanA cluster, as well as vanB and vanC1. These primers correctly identified 30 vancomycin-resistant isolates(More)
In a study designed to gain data on the in vitro transferability of vancomycin resistance from enterococci of the VanA phenotype to listeriae of different species, three clinicalEnterococcus isolates —Enterococcus faecium LS10,Enterococcus faecalis LS4, andEnterococcus faecalis A3208, all harboring a plasmid that strongly hybridized with avanA probe — were(More)
GE23077, a novel microbial metabolite recently isolated from Actinomadura sp. culture media, is a potent and selective inhibitor of bacterial RNA polymerase (RNAP). It inhibits Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) RNAPs with IC50 values (i.e. the concentration at which the enzyme activity is inhibited by 50%) in the 10(-8)(More)
Despite growing concern about vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) as nosocomial pathogens, especially in the United States, in Italy VRE still represent an uncommon and occasional experience for most diagnostic laboratories. We report a genotypic characterization of the first reported nosocomial outbreak of VRE in Italy. Some experiments, including(More)
The elfamycins are a class of naturally occurring antibiotics not currently used in the therapy of human disease. Enterococcus faecium and closely related species (Enterococcus durans and Enterococcus hirae) are susceptible to these antibiotics, while isolates of Enterococcus faecalis and other enterococcal species are highly resistant. Among enterococci,(More)
Some comments are made on the association of chronic intestinal inflammatory conditions and articular manifestations on the basis of a case of Crohn's disease associated with ankylosing spondylitis and digitalic hippocratism. The clinical case is described and the literature on associations observed during Crohn's disease reviewed. Special attention is paid(More)
Reticulated platelets are a fraction of newly released circulating elements characterized by a residual amount of RNA. It has been suggested that the reticulated platelet count, providing an estimate of thrombopoiesis in the same way as erythrocyte reticulocyte count is a measure of erythropoiesis, may be useful in the study of thrombocytopenic disorders.(More)
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