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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by leukemic cells blocked at the promyelocytic stage of granulocytic differentiation. To date, it is still not clear whether CD34 expression identifies a subset of APL patients with peculiar characteristics. We, therefore, conducted a detailed analysis of CD34 expression at(More)
We analyzed the safety and efficacy of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) combined with cytarabine and mitoxantrone in the treatment of 21 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (11 refractory and 10 in second relapse). Patients' median age was 52 years (range 36-68); all patients had previously been treated with anthracycline-containing regimens (daunorubicin and(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a genetic angiodysplasia affecting multiple organs. Two genes involved in the transduction of TGF-beta signalling are responsible for HHT. An additional role for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been proposed. Serum VEGF, which has been evaluated in several diseases characterized by(More)
Among 235 patients with CML we reviewed 91 patients with BC diagnosed between 1980 and 1995; 15 of the 91 (16%) developed extramedullary disease (EMD). The sites involved were the lymph nodes (13/15), CNS (1/15) and suborbital mass (1/15). The appearance of EMD was associated with chronic phase (CP) features in the bone marrow in 3/15 cases, with(More)
Several studies in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have documented that molecular detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) based on screening for T-cell receptor and immunoglobulin gene rearrangements can identify patients at a high risk of relapse. In our experience, evaluation of MRD in adult ALL can help to identify high risk patients.
Lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1 (LEF1) is a downstream effector of the Wnt/ β-catenin signaling pathway. High LEF1 expression has been reported as a prognostic marker in hematologic malignancies. We evaluated the prognostic significance of LEF1 expression in 78 adult acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients. APL samples were dichotomized at the median(More)
The therapeutic efficacy of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) for hematological malignancies relies largely on the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects exerted by the donor CD3 cells, but there is a risk of onset of uncontrolled graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Regulatory T cells (Tregs) (CD4+CD25(high) Foxp3+) are believed to(More)
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), mediated by mature T cells present in the donor graft, remains a major complication after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). Regulatory T cells (Tregs) (CD4(+)CD25(high)Foxp3(+)) are believed to maintain tolerance and to inhibit GVHD after allogeneic PBSCT (allo-PBSCT). In this study, we analyzed(More)
SUMMARY The factors possibly affecting the collection of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) were evaluated in 104 de novo acute leukemia patients (66 myeloid and 38 lymphoblastic leukemias) in first cytological complete remission (CR); all patients achieved CR after first-line induction chemotherapy. The acute myeloid leukemia patients (AML) were given(More)
We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity profiles of the combination of fludarabine, high-dose cytosine arabinoside (AraC), idarubicin, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in refractory/relapsed acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) patients. Between October 1998 and February 2002, 46 AML patients were treated with FLAG-IDA (fludarabine 30 mg/m(2),(More)