Learn More
BACKGROUND The Canadian Acute Respiratory Illness and Flu Scale (CARIFS) is a parent-proxy questionnaire that assesses severity of acute respiratory infections in children. The aim was to (a) perform a cross-cultural adaptation and (b) prove that the Malay CARIFS is a reliable tool. FINDINGS The CARIFS underwent forward and backward translations as(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the factors that predict outcome of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in critically ill children. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Multidisciplinary pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital in Malaysia. PATIENTS Patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit from July 2004 to December 2006 for(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this report was to describe 2 cases of periocular infantile hemangiomas (IHs) that were successfully treated with low-dose oral propranolol alone and in combination with oral prednisolone. METHODS Two infants aged 3 months and 6 weeks, respectively, were referred for management of vision-threatening periocular IHs causing ocular(More)
OBJECTIVES The clinical impact of seasonal influenza is understudied in tropical countries. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features and seasonal pattern of influenza in children hospitalized in Malaysia, and to identify predictors of severe disease. METHODS Children hospitalized with community-acquired, laboratory-confirmed influenza(More)
AIM Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in low income countries. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors of life-threatening LRTIs in hospitalised children in Malaysia. METHODS This retrospective study included children aged less than 18 years admitted for LRTIs over 13(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the impact of chronic suppurative lung disease (CSLD) on growth and lung function in the child as well as quality of life of the child and parent. METHODS Cross-sectional study in 60 children with CSLD, bronchiectasis (including cystic fibrosis) and bronchiolitis obliterans. Thirty-five parents were interviewed while the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a written asthma action plan (WAAP) on reducing unscheduled doctor visits, asthma control and quality of life in children with all severities of asthma. This was a randomised controlled, single-blinded study whereby 80 children with asthma were randomly assigned to be either provided a WAAP or verbally(More)
BACKGROUND Birth cohort studies in some countries have shown a link between caesarean section and asthma. AIM To determine if there is an association between asthma and delivery via caesarean section in Malaysian children. METHOD This is a case-control study involving 156 children aged 3-15 years old, in a tertiary hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.(More)
INTRODUCTION Home ventilation (HV) for children is growing rapidly worldwide. The aim was to describe (1) the sociodemographic characteristics of children on HV and (2) the indications for, means and outcome of initiating HV in children from a developing country. METHODOLOGY This retrospective study included patients sent home on noninvasive or invasive(More)
Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB) has gained renewed interest, due to its increasing health-care burden. Annual mortality statistics in England and Wales showed that under 1,000 people die from bronchiectasis each year, and this number is increasing by 3% yearly. Unfortunately, there is a severe lack of well-powered, randomized controlled trials to(More)