Anna Mariani

Learn More
The widespread occurrence of 2ngametes (i.e. gametes with the somatic chromosome number) in the Medicago sativa-coerulea-falcata complex supports the concept that gene flow from diploid to tetraploid species occurs continuously in nature and plays a key role in alfalfa evolution. Breeders realized early that gene transfer between ploidy levels via 2n pollen(More)
In the genus Medicago, it is known that 2n gametes have been important in the evolution and breeding of cultivated alfalfa, which is a natural polysomic polyploid (2n=4x=32), however little is known on the frequency of male and female 2n gametes in diploid relatives of alfalfa. To obtain data on the frequency of 2n gametes, more than 12,000 2x–4x and 4x–2x(More)
Cultivated alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a polysomic polyploid with tetrasomic inheritance. In this crop the hybridization of gametes with the somatic chromosome number (2n gametes) produced by diploid hybrids is a valuable method to maximize heterozygosity. For this purpose it is necessary to obtain diploids which produce high frequencies of 2n gametes.(More)
Two cycles of selection (3rd and 4th) were carried out in a diploid population of alfalfa to improve the frequency of 2n gametes. All the plants produced unreduced gametes, except one in the 2n egg population. The average seed set, used as a measure of 2n gametes production, increased significantly in the 2n pollen selection. Conversely, the increase was(More)
The aim of this work was to describe the model and clinical results obtained by the Niguarda Trauma Team referral center for major trauma, in Milan. The Trauma Team is organized as a trauma service, where general surgeons, anesthesiologists, orthopedic surgeons and neurosurgeons work on a 24 hour rotation. When not in duty in the rotations, specialists work(More)
Using pollen grain diameter, a statistical approach has been applied in order to estimate the percentage of n, 2n and 4n pollen grains produced by diploid plants of alfalfa. Pollen grain size distributions of normal diploids, normal tetraploids and jumbo pollen mutants were used as controls for n<x, 2n<2x and 4n<4x pollen grains, respectively. The least(More)
TBP (tubulin-based polymorphism) is a new molecular marker based tool that relies on the presence of intron-specific DNA polymorphisms of the plant beta-tubulin gene family. The multifunctional and essential role of the tubulin proteins is reflected in the conservation of regions within their primary amino acid sequence. The ubiquitous nature of this gene(More)
BACKGROUND Injury is a public health problem in terms of mortality, morbidity and disability. The implementation of a regionalised trauma system has been proved to significantly reduce the social impact of severe trauma on population. A population-based registry may be useful to obtain reliable epidemiologic data. AIM To perform an exhaustive analysis of(More)
An analysis of micro- and macrosporogenesis in five diploid alfalfa mutants was carried out using a stain-clearing technique. All plants produced tetranucleated microspores and jumbo pollen due to the complete failure of the postmeiotic cytokinesis as well as bi- and trinucleated macrospores. The latter was due to the absence of cytokinesis after the first(More)