Anna Maria Orengo

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Previous findings indicated that the activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) is expressed by tumors and plays a role in tumor biology. In this study, we show that ALCAM is shed from epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells in vitro, leading to the generation of a soluble ALCAM (sALCAM), consisting of most of the extracellular domain. A similar(More)
  • A Moretta, M Vitale, +6 authors Lorenzo Moretta
  • The Journal of experimental medicine
  • 1993
Human CD3-16+56+ natural killer (NK) cells have been shown to display a clonally distributed ability to recognize major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I alleles. Opposite to T lymphocytes, in NK cells, specific recognition of MHC class I molecules appears to induce inhibition of cytolytic activity and, thus, to protect target cells. Since a precise(More)
In previous studies we identified a surface molecule (termed GL183) capable of mediating cell activation and selectively expressed by a subset of human CD3-CD16+ natural killer (NK) cells. In this study we analyzed whether other subset-specific functional molecules were expressed in GL183- NK cells. To this end, mice were immunized with the PE29(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the biological characteristics of four new malignant mesothelioma (MM) cell lines. Since simian virus (SV)40 sequences have been recently detected in MM, SV40 large T antigen (Tag) expression was also analysed. MM cell lines were characterized by morphological, ultrastructural and cytogenetic analysis. Expression of Tag(More)
Normal somatic stem cells (SC) are naturally resistant to chemotherapeutic agents due to their expression of various membrane transporter molecules (such as MDR-1), detoxifying enzymes and DNA repair proteins. In addition, they also have a slow rate of cell turnover and therefore escape from chemotherapeutic agents that target rapidly replicating cells.(More)
IL-15 is a member of the IL-2 family of cytokines, which play a fundamental role in innate and adaptive immune responses. IL-15 has pleiotropic immune-enhancing activities, as it stimulates NK, T and NKT cell proliferation, survival and effector functions. In view of these properties, IL-15 is regarded as a good candidate for cancer immunotherapy. This(More)
IL-21 is a member of the IL-2 cytokine family, produced by CD4+ T cells. We previously showed that immunotherapy (IT) with IL-21-transduced neuroblastoma cells (Neuro2a/IL-21) cured 33% of syngeneic mice bearing systemic NB. Here, we studied whether the removal of Treg cells could potentiate the therapeutic efficacy of Neuro2a/IL-21 vaccine. The(More)
Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) is involved in cell-cell interactions in cancer. Shedding of its ectodomain by the metalloprotease ADAM17/TACE generates a soluble form (sALCAM). Here, we show that serum sALCAM levels were significantly higher in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) (p < 0.005) than in controls. The performance of sALCAM as(More)
We originally characterized the Kp43 (CD94) surface Ag, whose expression is restricted to human NK cells and a minor T lymphocyte subset. As shown in the present study, anti-Kp43 mAbs but not their F(ab')2 fragments markedly inhibited the cytolytic activity of polyclonal-activated NK cells in a redirected lysis assay against the murine P815 cell line.(More)
IL-12 and IL-15 stimulate T, B, and NK cell functions through independent mechanisms, and cooperative effects of these cytokines have been reported. The human MHC class I-negative small cell lung cancer cell line, N592, genetically engineered to secrete IL-15, N592/IL-15, showed a reduced tumor growth rate, while N592 cells engineered with IL-12,(More)