Anna Maria Nuutila

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Despite the tremendous importance of secondary metabolites for humans as for the plant itself, plant secondary metabolism remains poorly characterized. Here, we present an experimental approach, based on functional genomics, to facilitate gene discovery in plant secondary metabolism. Targeted metabolite analysis was combined with cDNA-amplified fragment(More)
 New selectable markers and selection systems are needed to increase the efficiency and flexibility of plant transformation. The objective of this research was to determine if the green fluorescent protein (gfp) gene could be utilized as a visual selectable marker for transformation of oat (Avena sativa L.). A modified gfp gene was delivered into oat cells(More)
The malting quality of two barley cultivars, Kymppi and Golden Promise, was modified to better meet the requirements of the brewing process. The egl1 gene, coding for fungal thermotolerant endo-1,4-β-glucanase (EGI, cellulase), was transferred to the cultivars using particle bombardment, and transgenic plants were regenerated on bialaphos selection.(More)
Transgenic plants are attractive bioreactors to large-scale production of recombinant proteins because of their relatively low cost. This study reports for the first time the use of transgenic plants to reduce enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) excretion in its natural host species. The DNA sequence encoding the major subunit and adhesin FaeG of F4+(More)
The F4-positive enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains are a frequent cause of porcine post-weaning diarrhea. Orally administered F4 fimbriae or FaeG, the major subunit and adhesin of F4, induce a protective mucosal immune response in F4 receptor-positive piglets. Feed plants carrying immunogenic subunit proteins can offer great advantages for oral(More)
The effect of scaleup on he production of ajmalicine by a Catharanthus roseus cell suspension culture in a selected induction medium were studied. In preliminary experiments it was observed that the culture turned brown and the production was inhibited upon transfer from a shake flask to a stirred bioreactor with forced aeration. Two factors were recognized(More)
The use of recombinant DNA-based protein production using genetically modified plants could provide a reproducible, consistent quality, safe, animal-component free, origin-traceable, and cost-effective source for industrial proteins required in large amounts (1000s of metric tons) and at low cost (below US$100/Kg). The aim of this work was to demonstrate(More)
Somatic embryogenesis was induced in cell cultures of birch (Betula pendula Roth.) derived from juvenile tissue of seed embryos and from mature leaf tissue. Embryos were formed in liquid and on solidified medium containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 6-furfurylaminopurine (kinetin). Sometimes somatic embryos formed only after transfer to(More)
By using a batch in vitro anaerobic fecal fermentation model, we have shown that the fecal microflora can rapidly deconjugate rutin, isoquercitrin, and a mixture of quercetin glucuronides. High levels of beta,D-glucosidase, alpha,L-rhamnosidase, and beta,D-glucuronidase were present. Rutin underwent deglycosylation, ring fission, and dehydroxylation. The(More)
Genetic engineering is becoming a useful tool in the improvement of plants and plant-based raw materials. Varieties with value-added traits are developed for nonfood use in industrial and medical production, and different production lines must be kept separate. For good management practices, knowledge of relevant gene flow parameters is required. In the(More)