Anna Maria Laverda

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BACKGROUND Diagnostic tools of birth asphyxia provide only an uncertain prediction of neurological outcome. AIMS To assess whether TOI and DeltaCBV, combined with a set of biochemical and neurophysiological variables, have any diagnostic and prognostic value in birth depression or asphyxia. STUDY DESIGN Case control study at the nursery and NICU of the(More)
BACKGROUND Diencephalic syndrome (DS) is a complex of signs and symptoms related to hypothalamic dysfunction; its main features are emaciation, despite a normal or slightly diminished caloric intake, and an alert appearance. DS has been almost exclusively described in association with space-occupying lesions of the hypothalamic-optic chiasm region, mainly(More)
Cerebral germinomas, the most common and least malignant intracranial germ cell tumors, usually arise in the pineal or suprasellar region and have characteristic clinical and radiological features. Germinomas more rarely occur in the thalamus, basal ganglia, and internal capsule, causing sometimes cerebral hemiatrophy and hemiparesis. More rarely, other(More)
Benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (BPV) is a paroxysmal, non-epileptic, recurrent event characterized by subjective or objective vertigo that occurs in neurologically intact children. We recorded the history and the clinical aspects of 19 cases presenting with neurological problems to the outpatient clinic at the Pediatrics Department of Padova(More)
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency has been associated with various clinical phenotypes, including an infantile multisystem disorder. The authors report a 33-month-old boy who presented with corticosteroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome in whom progressive encephalomyopathy later developed. CoQ10 was decreased both in muscle and in fibroblasts. Oral CoQ10(More)
Hypomelanosis of Ito is a congenital neurocutaneous syndrome with a particular pattern of swirling hypopigmentation. Multiple extracutaneous abnormalities involving the central nervous system, the eyes, and musculoskeletal structures occur in over two-thirds of the cases. This report describes two patients with typical unilateral cutaneous lesions(More)
We evaluated the visual outcome of a cohort of children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and optic pathway glioma (OPG) treated according to standardized therapeutic guidelines. The study population consisted of all consecutive patients with NF1 and OPG referred to a specialized pediatric neuro-oncology program between 1994 and 2004. Treatment was(More)
Benign paroxysmal torticollis is an episodic functional disorder of unknown etiology that occurs in the early months of life in healthy individuals. The child's head tilts to one side for a few hours or days, usually without any associated symptoms. The disorder, which disappears within the first few years of life, is often misinterpreted and the patient(More)
Several immunological abnormalities were detected in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected children. Intrathecal synthesis of immunoglobulins, free light chains (FLC), IL-1 beta, IL-6, and M-CSF were demonstrated both in asymptomatic children and children with subacute encephalopathy. Our findings further(More)
Several studies on opiates demonstrated that selected brain areas as cerebellum and limbic system have the greatest density of opioid receptors. Recently, few cases of severe cerebellitis following methadone poisoning have been reported in children. We present the case of a 30-month-old girl who developed a delayed encephalopathy after methadone(More)