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Benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (BPV) is a paroxysmal, non-epileptic, recurrent event characterized by subjective or objective vertigo that occurs in neurologically intact children. We recorded the history and the clinical aspects of 19 cases presenting with neurological problems to the outpatient clinic at the Pediatrics Department of Padova(More)
Benign paroxysmal torticollis is an episodic functional disorder of unknown etiology that occurs in the early months of life in healthy individuals. The child's head tilts to one side for a few hours or days, usually without any associated symptoms. The disorder, which disappears within the first few years of life, is often misinterpreted and the patient(More)
INTRODUCTION Cerebral germinomas, the most common and least malignant intracranial germ cell tumors, usually arise in the pineal or suprasellar region and have characteristic clinical and radiological features. Germinomas more rarely occur in the thalamus, basal ganglia, and internal capsule, causing sometimes cerebral hemiatrophy and hemiparesis. More(More)
PURPOSE To dissect the genetics of benign familial epilepsies of the first year of life and to assess the extent of the genetic overlap between benign familial neonatal seizures (BFNS), benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures (BFNIS), and benign familial infantile seizures (BFIS). METHODS Families with at least two first-degree relatives affected by(More)
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency has been associated with various clinical phenotypes, including an infantile multisystem disorder. The authors report a 33-month-old boy who presented with corticosteroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome in whom progressive encephalomyopathy later developed. CoQ10 was decreased both in muscle and in fibroblasts. Oral CoQ10(More)
At the age of 41 and 31 months, respectively, a boy and a girl affected by neurofibromatosis-1 were diagnosed with a visual pathway glioma during surveillance contrast-enhanced head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In the first child, the initial MRI showed that the entire optic chiasm, the intracranial tract of the left optic nerve, and hypothalamus were(More)
Immunological and viral studies were conducted on cerebrospinal fluid from 31 HIV-1-infected children, of whom 23 were neurologically asymptomatic and 8 had progressive encephalopathy. After AZT treatment, a second cerebrospinal fluid specimen was obtained from 15 children, 11 of whom were neurologically asymptomatic and 4 had progressive encephalopathy.(More)
We report the occurrence of symmetrical thalamic calcifications (STC) in one of a pair of monozygotic twins born at term without evidence of pre- or peri-natal asphyxia. STC is known to be an extremely rare condition in infants. Judging from the few cases reported in the literature, the clinical presentation is very severe: low Apgar score, no spontaneous(More)
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is characterized anatomically by an infiltration of multiple tissues with lymphocytes and haemophagocytic histiocytes. First symptoms are usually hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia, and intractable fever. Up to 73% of those with HLH develop CNS involvement during the disease course. The peculiarity of the two patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to compare and contrast the initial presenting demographic, clinical, neuroimaging, and laboratory features in a cohort of children affected from multiple sclerosis (MS) or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). METHODS A 12-year prospective study was conducted in 68 pediatric patients (age<or=17 years) who(More)