Anna Maria Gruener

Learn More
prevalent misconceptions of DME pathogenesis, such as the overemphasis on the pathologic role of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) leakage. These concepts have lead to the overemphasis on the value of grid (also lighter or barely visible burns) pattern laser photocoagulation in DME. We think that the most prevalent pathologic finding of DME (predominant(More)
Many abnormalities of the orbit present with neuro-ophthalmic findings, such as impaired ocular motility or alignment, and sensory changes, including optic neuropathy. Comprehensive coverage of all orbital diseases is beyond the scope of this article. This review focuses on diagnosis and management of the most common and the most vision- or life-threatening(More)
We describe the case of a HIV-positive patient treated for visceral leishmaniasis who developed uveitis as part of a leishmaniasis immune reconstitution syndrome. Visceral leishmaniasis is increasingly found in HIV-positive adults. Its ophthalmic manifestations can range from relatively minor to complicated anterior uveitis, leading to secondary glaucoma(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the relative frequencies of arteritic and nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) in an Arab population and to compare and contrast these findings with known epidemiological data from Caucasian populations. METHODS A retrospective review of the medical records of all patients diagnosed with AION at the King Khaled Eye(More)
We present a case of Aspergillus fumigatus endophthalmitis complicated by necrotizing scleritis in a 68-year-old man with diet-controlled diabetes, after retinal detachment repair. He was initially treated with systemic steroids for surgically induced necrotizing scleritis following routine pars plana vitrectomy. An additional diagnosis of endophthalmitis(More)