Anna Maria Formenti

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BACKGROUND Impulse Control Disorder symptoms (ICD) in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been recently associated by magnetic Resonance imaging with impaired cortico-striatal connectivity, especially between left putamen and frontal associative areas. METHODS 84 patients entered the study (21 PD-ICD+ and 64 PD-ICD-) and underwent DATSCAN imaging. The striatal(More)
INTRODUCTION Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease with Dementia (PDD) are neurodegenerative disorders with complex clinical picture (parkinsonism, cognitive decline and neuropsychiatric disturbances). The conundrum of whether DLB and PDD represent the same or different entities is still under debate. Advanced neuroimaging techniques may(More)
IMPORTANCE Granulin (GRN) mutations represent one of the most frequent genetic causes of inherited frontotemporal dementia. The study of asymptomatic carriers of GRN Thr272fs mutation (aGRN+) provides a unique opportunity to study the natural history of the disease and the role of modulating factors on disease onset. It has been demonstrated that the(More)
AIMS This multicenter and prospective study was aimed at examining the appropriate use of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in an open access system (primary endoscopy) using the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) guidelines. We also wished to see whether these guidelines can be easily used in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Late-onset glycogenosis type II (GSD II) is a rare, multisystem disorder mainly affecting limb and respiratory muscles due to acid alpha glucosidase deficiency. Despite evidence at autopsy of glycogen accumulation in the brain, no study exploring brain functions is yet available. Our objective in this study was to assess brain changes in late-onset GSD II.(More)
Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is the most frequent form of secondary osteoporosis caused by chronic exposure to glucocorticoid excess. Pathogenesis of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is multifactorial including direct effects of glucocorticoids on bone cells and indirect effects of glucocorticoids on several neuroendocrine and metabolic pathways.(More)
Drug malabsorption is a potential concern after bariatric surgery. We present four case reports of hypothyroid patients who were well replaced with thyroxine tablets to euthyroid thyrotropin (TSH) levels prior to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. These patients developed elevated TSH levels after the surgery, the TSH responded reversibly to switching from(More)
INTRODUCTION Acromegaly is a relatively rare condition of growth hormone (GH) excess associated with significant morbidity and, when left untreated, high mortality. Therapy for acromegaly is targeted at decreasing GH and insulin-like growth hormone 1 levels, ameliorating patients' symptoms and decreasing any local compressive effects of the pituitary(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Parkinsonism is often associated with symptoms of frontotemporal dementia (FTD), but its pathogenesis has been largely neglected. In genetic inherited FTD-related granulin (GRN) mutations, parkinsonism is an early sign, and it is more common than in sporadic disorders. Our aim was to study grey matter (GM) volume changes in subcortical and(More)
BACKGROUND Glycogen storage diseases are inherited defects which cause accumulation of glycogen in the tissues. Hepatic steatosis is defined as accumulation of fat within hepatocytes. On sonography, liver shows increased echogenicity both in glycogen storage diseases and steatosis. Liver hyperechogenicity in glycogen storage diseases may depend on(More)