Learn More
  • A Capasso
  • 2001
1. To investigate the role of NF-kB in the expression of opiate withdrawal, the effects of PDTC, an inhibitor of NF-kB activation, was studied on acute opiate withdrawal induced by morphine in vitro. 2. After a 4 min in vitro exposure to morphine, a strong contracture of guinea pig isolated ileum was observed after the addition of naloxone. 3. PDTC(More)
Binge-eating disorder, which is characterized by repeated episodes of uncontrolled eating, is common in obese patients and is often accompanied by comorbid psychiatric disorders, especially depression. In previous studies, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have demonstrated efficacy in reducing the frequency of binge eating and addressing comorbid(More)
PURPOSE Cancer cell survival, invasion, and metastasis depend on cancer cell proliferation and on tumor-induced angiogenesis. We evaluated the efficacy of the combination of sorafenib and erlotinib or cetuximab. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Sorafenib, erlotinib, and cetuximab, alone or in combination, were tested in vitro in a panel of non-small cell lung cancer(More)
The effects exerted by adenosine A1 and A2 receptor agonists and antagonists on the acute opiate withdrawal induced by morphine were investigated in vitro. Following a 4 min in vitro exposure to morphine, the guinea-pig isolated ileum exhibited a strong contracture after the addition of naloxone. The P1 adenosine receptor agonist, adenosine, was able to(More)
The present study examines the effects of the extracts [petroleum ether, CHCl3, CHCl3/MeOH (9:1) and MeOH], partially purified fractions and pure compounds from Guettarda acreana on the electrically induced contractions (E.C.I.) of the isolated guinea-pig ileum. The results of the experiments indicate that CHCl3/MeOH (9:1), MeOH extract, and the MeOH(More)
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is one of the most common eating disorders in industrialized societies. It has been suggested that reduced serotonin activity triggers some of the cognitive and mood disturbances associated with BN. For this reason, the pharmacologic treatment of BN consists mainly of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which have been(More)
The evaluation of pain in the newborn and the infant is difficult because pain is mainly a subjective phenomenon. Until a few years ago, several myths persisted. First, the myth that children, especially infants, do not feel pain the way adults do, therefore there is no untoward consequences for them. Second, lack of assessment and reassessment for the(More)
An investigation of a chloroform-soluble extract from the roots of Paeonia rockii ssp. rockii yielded three new noroleanane triterpenoids (1-3) together with 19 known compounds. Their structures were established by analysis of the spectroscopic data. The effects of this chloroform-soluble extract and its major constituents on cell proliferation and(More)
Six cycloartane-type triterpene glycosides were isolated from Astragalus stereocalyx along with six known cycloartane-type glycosides. Their structures were established by the extensive use of 1D and 2D-NMR experiments along with ESIMS and HRMS analysis. Three compounds are based on an aglycon characterized by the occurrence of an unusual hydroxyl group at(More)