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Disability is a major negative consequence of aging, with impact on several domains of individual, familial, and social life, and a major source of expenditure for social systems. Preventing or delaying disability in the elderly depends not only on understanding the etiology of pathological processes causing disability, but also on the identification of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of corpus callosum (CC) tissue loss on the development of global cognitive and motor impairment in the elderly. METHODS This study was based on the Leukoaraiosis and Disability (LADIS) study. Assessment of cognitive and motor functions and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were done at baseline and at a 3-year follow-up in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The majority of studies on neuropsychological complications after cardiac surgery used the raw variation of selective tests scores to define the occurrence of cognitive decline. We prospectively estimated the frequency of cognitive impairment after cardiac surgery, with a particular emphasis on persistent and clinically relevant(More)
Age-related white matter changes (ARWMC) on brain MRI have been associated with cognitive, motor, mood and urinary disturbances. These factors are known to contribute to disability in elderly people, but the impact of ARWMC and of their progression on the transition to disability is not determined. The LADIS (Leukoaraiosis and Disability in the Elderly)(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the associations of medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) with cognitive function in a large group of independently functioning elderly people. METHODS Data were drawn from the multicentre, multinational leukoaraiosis and disability (LADIS) project which is studying prospectively the role of WMH as(More)
The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1 gene) is a candidate gene for Alzheimer's disease (AD), because it is a ligand for proteins involved in AD pathogenesis, such as apolipoprotein E (APOE), alpha2-macroglobulin (A2M), amyloid precursor protein (APP), and is located on chromosome 12, within a region linked with AD. An association(More)
BACKGROUND An internal capsule genu infarct has been rarely reported to cause cognitive impairment and behavioral changes. This clinical picture can be explained on anatomical and functional basis because important subcortical-cortical pathways traverse the internal capsule genu. We report 2 previously non-demented patients who developed acute confusional(More)
Corpus callosum (CC) is the main tract connecting the hemispheres, but the clinical significance of CC atrophy is poorly understood. The aim of this work was to investigate clinical and functional correlates of CC atrophy in subjects with age-related white matter changes (ARWMC). In 569 elderly subjects with ARWMC from the Leukoaraiosis And DISability(More)
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a genetically transmitted cerebrovascular disease. Typically, the first clinical manifestation is migraine and the full clinical spectrum of the disease with recurrent strokes of the subcortical type, cognitive, and mood disorders is seen during the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The corpus callosum (CC) is the most important structure involved in the transmission of interhemispheric information. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential correlation between regional age-related white matter changes (ARWMC) and atrophy of CC in elderly subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 578 subjects with ARWMC(More)