Anna Machowska

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Systemic inflammation is a condition intrinsically linked to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its other typical sequelae, such as acquired immune dysfunction, protein-energy wasting (PEW), and accelerated vascular aging that promote premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and infections, the two leading causes of death in CKD patients. Inflammation is a(More)
During the late 1990s early initiation of dialysis was introduced on a large scale and between 1996 and 2008, the percentage of patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) above 10 mL/minute starting dialysis rose from 25% to 54% in the United States. However, several subsequent studies showed no survival benefit for patients commencing(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature death in patients with CKD associates with a plethora of elevated circulating biomarkers that may reflect distinct signaling pathways or simply, are epiphenomena of CKD. We compared the predictive strength of 12 biomarkers analyzed concomitantly in patients with stage 5(More)
Unplanned start of dialysis is still a common and important problem for dialysis units in Europe and across the world: 30%-50% of patients can commence therapy in that way. Such patients are known to experience increased morbidity and mortality, to make greater demands on health care resources, and to be less likely to receive their dialysis modality(More)
INTRODUCTION Peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis (HD) are complementary therapies in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Despite survival benefit, PD remains an underused therapy with variable utilisation and a common descriptive framework for this variation is not established. We reviewed the renal literature, general population and healthcare data to(More)
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) utilization varies across countries, and of the factors that explain the variation, the scientific and clinical knowledge of health care professionals is potentially important. In this paper, we describe a European collaboration--between 8 academic PD research programs, a small-to-medium-sized enterprise, and a large PD product(More)
The aim of this paper was to present occurrence of plant protection product residues in apples in 2007. Gas chromatographic and spectroscopy methods were used. The most frequently found were fungicides: dithiocarbamate residues (18% of the analysed samples), captan residues (13%), pyrimethanil residues (6%) and insecticides: chlorpiryfos residues (6%),(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating advanced glycated end-products (AGEs) including pentosidine accumulating in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients due to retention and increased formation are thought to contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Here we evaluated factors linked to increased plasma pentosidine and its association with mortality in patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES Unplanned dialysis start (UPS) leads to worse clinical outcomes than planned start, and only a minority of patients ever receive education on this topic and are able to make a modality choice, particularly for home dialysis. This study aimed to determine the predictive factors for patients receiving education, making a decision, and receiving(More)
INTRODUCTION Unplanned dialysis start (UPS) associates with worse clinical outcomes, higher utilisation of healthcare resources, lower chances to select dialysis modality and UPS patients typically commenced in-centre haemodialysis (HD) with central venous catheter (CVC). We evaluated patient outcomes and healthcare utilisation depending on initial dialysis(More)