Anna M. Serafin

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Hepatic steatosis is a major risk factor in ischemia-reperfusion. The present study evaluates whether preconditioning, demonstrated to be effective in normal livers, could also confer protection in the presence of steatosis and investigates the potential underlying protective mechanisms. Fatty rats had increased hepatic injury and decreased survival after(More)
Lafora disease (LD) is caused by mutations in either the laforin or malin gene. The hallmark of the disease is the accumulation of polyglucosan inclusions called Lafora Bodies (LBs). Malin knockout (KO) mice present polyglucosan accumulations in several brain areas, as do patients of LD. These structures are abundant in the cerebellum and hippocampus. Here,(More)
Ischemic preconditioning protects steatotic livers against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, but just how this is achieved is poorly understood. Here, I/R or preconditioning plus I/R was induced in steatotic and nonsteatotic livers followed by investigating the effect of pharmacological treatments that modulate heat shock proteins (HSPs) and(More)
We examined whether angiotensin (Ang) II receptor antagonists could be considered a therapeutic strategy in steatotic and nonsteatotic livers in conditions of partial hepatectomy under ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), which is commonly applied in clinical practice to reduce blood loss. We report that Ang II type I receptor (AT1R) antagonist, but not Ang II type(More)
Numerous steatotic livers are discarded as unsuitable for transplantation because of their poor tolerance of ischemia-reperfusion(I/R). The injurious effects of angiotensin (Ang)-II and the benefits of Ang-(1-7) in various pathologies are well documented. We examined the generation of Ang II and Ang-(1-7) in steatotic and nonsteatotic liver grafts from(More)
Numerous steatotic livers are discarded for transplantation because of their poor tolerance of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). The injurious effects of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) in various pathologies are well documented. RBP4 levels are reduced by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) agonists. Strategies aimed at increasing PPARγ protect(More)
An immunohistochemical and histochemical study was carried out on the brains of nine cases of BSE-diagnosed cattle as part of the surveillance plan in Catalonia, Spain. The animals had no clinical symptoms reported and were thus at early stages of the disease. The first part of the study consisted of a characterization of PrP(BSE) deposits throughout the(More)
The present study evaluates the effect of ischemic preconditioning on interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) generation following hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in normal and steatotic livers as well as the role of nitric oxide (NO) in this process. Increased IL-1beta and IL-10 levels were observed in normal livers after I/R. Steatotic livers(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined whether pharmacologic strategies blocking angiotensin II actions protect steatotic livers against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The effects of ischemic preconditioning (PC) on angiotensin II were also evaluated. DESIGN Randomized and controlled animal study. SETTING Experimental laboratory. SUBJECTS Zucker rats. (More)
This study examined the effect of preconditioning on steatotic livers for transplantation and attempted to identify the underlying protective mechanisms. Blood flow alterations, neutrophil accumulation, tumor necrosis factor alpha release and lipid peroxidation were observed in nonsteatotic livers after transplantation. Steatotic and nonsteatotic liver(More)