Anna M. O'Brien

Learn More
This study compares Breast Cancer 1 (BRCA1) and excision repair cross complementation group 1 (ERCC1) expression as predictive markers and evaluates the in vitro enhancement of platinum sensitivity using targeted agents in sporadic ovarian cancer (OC). A retrospective study was performed of advanced stage OC patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) protein inactivation in sporadic ovarian carcinoma (OC) is common and low BRCA1 expression is linked with platinum sensitivity. The clinical validation of BRCA1 as a prognostic marker in OC remains unresolved. PATIENTS AND METHODS In 251 patient samples from the NCIC CTG clinical trial, OV.16, BRCA1 protein expression(More)
In sporadic epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), the inactivation of BRCA1 through various mechanisms is a relatively common event. BRCA1 protein dysfunction results in the breakdown of various critical pathways in the cell, notably, the DNA damage response and repair pathway. Tumors from patients with BRCA1 germline mutations have an increased sensitivity to(More)
e22017 Background: The improved outcome of Breast-Cancer 1 (BRCA1)-deficient breast and ovarian cancer may be linked to the impaired ability to repair double strand breaks caused by DNA-damaging chemotherapy (CTX), such as platinum compounds. Therapeutically relevant agents that target BRCA1 expression to sensitize tumors to platinum have not been(More)
Activating Transcription Factor (ATF) 3 is a key regulator of the cellular integrated stress response whose expression has also been correlated with pro-apoptotic activities in tumour cell models. Combination treatments with chemotherapeutic drugs, such as cisplatin, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been demonstrated to enhance tumour cell(More)
The inhibition of Br east Ca ncer 1 (BRCA1) expression sensitizes breast and ovarian cancer cells to platinum chemotherapy. However, therapeutically relevant agents that target BRCA1 expression have not been identified. Our recent report suggested the potential of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, M344, to inhibit BRCA1 expression. In this study, we(More)
e21012 Background: NSCLC is the most common cause of cancer-related death. Platinum-based chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment, but a variety of mechanisms lead to platinum-resistance. ATF3 is a transcription factor, activated in response to stress signals including DNA damage and hypoxia, shown to be involved in platinum-induced cytotoxicity. We(More)
  • 1