Anna M. Lomanowska

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The mechanisms by which childhood abuse and/or neglect become risk factors for the development of drug addiction, problem gambling, and other disorders of behavioral inhibition are unknown. The loss of behavioral inhibition is often triggered by reward-related cues that acquire incentive salience. This study examined whether inadequate early-life social(More)
Increased sensitivity to the locomotor-activating effects of amphetamine in rats with a history of early-life social isolation is commonly attributed to alteration of the dopamine system. The locomotor response to amphetamine may also be due to effects on the noradrenergic system and particularly alpha-adrenergic receptors. The present study examined(More)
To assess whether locomotor sensitization induced by repeated injections of the dopamine agonist quinpirole reflects tolerance of the drug's presynaptic depressive effects on locomotion, independent groups of rats were treated chronically (every 3 daysx10) with either a presynaptic dose of quinpirole (0.025 mg/kg; n=27), a postsynaptic dose (0.5 mg/kg;(More)
Artificial rearing (AR) of infant rats permits precise control over key features of the early environment without maternal influence. The present study examined the behavioral response of AR rats towards natural and drug-mediated rewards, as well as their exploratory and affective behaviors. Adolescent AR rats showed increased preference for sucrose(More)
This study addressed the hypothesis that dietary supplementation with either gangliosides or choline during the brain growth spurt would enhance short-term spatial memory. Male Long-Evans rats were reared artificially from postnatal days (PD) 5-18 and were fed diets containing either (i) choline chloride 1250 mg/l (CHL), (ii) choline chloride 250 mg/l and(More)
OBJECTIVE Considering the status of the Internet as a prominent source of health information, assessing online health material has become a central issue in patient education. We describe the strategies available to evaluate the characteristics of online health information, including readability, emotional content, understandability, usability. METHODS(More)
The developing brains of young children are highly sensitive to input from their social environment. Nurturing social experience during this time promotes the acquisition of social and cognitive skills and emotional competencies. However, many young children are confronted with obstacles to healthy development, including poverty, inappropriate care, and(More)
Rearing of rat pups without a mother, artificial rearing (AR), produces substantial changes in the pups' behavior in later life. These changes are similar to those produced by the stress of repeated mother-pup separations. The predominant interpretation is that the long-term effects of disruptions to the mother-pup relationship are mediated by exposure to(More)