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We have isolated a murine monoclonal antibody, called psi-3, which immunolabels maturing keratinocytes in psoriatic skin but not in normal epidermis. The staining is cytoplasmic and is not extractable with 1% Triton X-100, which suggests that the psi-3 antigen is a structural component of the keratinocyte. Neither basal cells nor invading inflammatory cells(More)
Transient transfection studies of human HepG2 and mouse Hepa hepatocarcinoma cells with a reporter gene construct regulated by a human antioxidant responsive element (ARE) from the NQO1 gene demonstrated that the element is responsive to low oxygen conditions. The antioxidant N-acetyl L-cysteine (NAC) strongly inhibited basal aerobic reporter gene activity(More)
Pathophysiological hypoxia is an important modulator of gene expression in solid tumors and other pathologic conditions. We observed that transcriptional activation of the c-jun proto-oncogene in hypoxic tumor cells correlates with phosphorylation of the ATF2 transcription factor. This finding suggested that hypoxic signals transmitted to c-jun involve(More)
The generation of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase knockout mice (TdT0) has demonstrated that TdT is the only major activity involved in N region addition. This enzyme generates diversity by adding random nucleotides at the V-D-J junctions and by disrupting the formation of repetitive "homology-directed" junctions. Several studies have demonstrated(More)
The potential therapeutic value of anti-idiotypic antibodies during B cell proliferations largely depends on the stability of the target Ig idiotopes. We investigated this stability in a clinical condition of so called nonmalignant monoclonal B cell proliferation, mixed cryoglobulinemia. The idiotypic profile of a single IgM kappa monoclonal auto-antibody(More)
Several genetic mechanisms have been shown to diversify the expressed antibody repertoire of committed B lymphocytes. These include V gene replacement, ongoing gene rearrangement and somatic hypermutation. These mechanisms may be operational at discrete points in the B cell differentiation pathway and generate idiotype diversity in various malignant B cell(More)
There is evidence that in certain situations the expressed antibody repertoire is dominated by small subsets of V gene segments. They include fetal, CD5+, and autoantibody-forming B cells as well as low grade B cell malignancies. For instance, inside the V kappa III family of approximately 10 members, only 3 (humkv325, 328, and Vg) are used recurrently for(More)
Organ-specific autoimmune diseases are usually considered to be mediated by autoreactive T cells which infiltrate the target tissue. Conceivably, these T cells could represent pathogenic autoreactive cells which recognize their specific antigen (peptide or superantigen) within the pathological tissue. Extensive studies dealing with the clonality of the(More)
Hypoxia (low-oxygen tension) is an important physiological stress that influences responses to a wide range of pathologies, including stroke, infarction, and tumorigenesis. Prolonged or chronic hypoxia stimulates expression of the stress-inducible transcription factor gene c-jun and transient activation of protein kinase and phosphatase activities that(More)