Anna M Knapp

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NF-Y is a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein which, as a heterodimer, recognizes CCAAT motifs in a variety of transcriptional promoters. We have generated a panel of monoclonal and affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies directed against various epitopes of NF-Y. These reagents are highly specific for either of the A or B subunits; we have mapped the(More)
Pathophysiological hypoxia is an important modulator of gene expression in solid tumors and other pathologic conditions. We observed that transcriptional activation of the c-jun proto-oncogene in hypoxic tumor cells correlates with phosphorylation of the ATF2 transcription factor. This finding suggested that hypoxic signals transmitted to c-jun involve(More)
There is evidence that in certain situations the expressed antibody repertoire is dominated by small subsets of V gene segments. They include fetal, CD5+, and autoantibody-forming B cells as well as low grade B cell malignancies. For instance, inside the V kappa III family of approximately 10 members, only 3 (humkv325, 328, and Vg) are used recurrently for(More)
Transient transfection studies of human HepG2 and mouse Hepa hepatocarcinoma cells with a reporter gene construct regulated by a human antioxidant responsive element (ARE) from the NQO1 gene demonstrated that the element is responsive to low oxygen conditions. The antioxidant N-acetyl L-cysteine (NAC) strongly inhibited basal aerobic reporter gene activity(More)
Tumor angiogenesis, the development of new blood vessels during malignant progression, is a regulated process that has both genetic and physiological controls. Physiologically, angiogenesis is stimulated by decreases in tissue oxygenation (i.e., hypoxia). We investigated the effect of hypoxia on the expression of two angiogenic factors reported to be(More)
Pur alpha and Pur beta are structurally related single-stranded DNA/RNA-binding proteins implicated in the control of cell growth and differentiation. The goal of this study was to determine whether Pur alpha and Pur beta function in a redundant, distinct, or collaborative manner to suppress smooth muscle alpha-actin gene expression in cell types relevant(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF beta 1) is a potent inhibitor of epithelial cell proliferation and its effects on growth and differentiation have been extensively characterized in cultured keratinocytes. We used two TGF beta 1-specific polyclonal antibodies (anti-LC and anti-CC) to determine the presence of TGF beta 1 peptide in keratinocytes in(More)
We have isolated a murine monoclonal antibody, called psi-3, which immunolabels maturing keratinocytes in psoriatic skin but not in normal epidermis. The staining is cytoplasmic and is not extractable with 1% Triton X-100, which suggests that the psi-3 antigen is a structural component of the keratinocyte. Neither basal cells nor invading inflammatory cells(More)
We have compared the staining patterns of Ulex europeus agglutinin (UEA) I-FITC and Helix pomatia agglutinin (HPA)-FITC on normal and psoriatic epidermis in order to follow the production of the binding sites as a function of maturation. We have further characterized them with respect to solvent extraction and enzyme digestion. The bandlike pattern of(More)