Learn More
Group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) play an essential role in cognitive function. Their activation results in a wide array of cellular and molecular responses that are mediated by multiple signalling cascades. In this study, we focused on Group I mGluR activation of IP3R-mediated intracellular Ca2+ waves and their role in activating(More)
We studied inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptor-dependent intracellular Ca(2+) waves in CA1 hippocampal and layer V medial prefrontal cortical pyramidal neurons using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings and Ca(2+) fluorescence imaging. We observed that Ca(2+) waves propagate in a saltatory manner through dendritic regions where increases in the(More)
Changes in the intracellular concentration of calcium ions in neurons are involved in neurite growth, development, and remodeling, regulation of neuronal excitability, increases and decreases in the strength of synaptic connections, and the activation of survival and programmed cell death pathways. An important aspect of the signals that trigger these(More)
The recent identification of the mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter gene (Mcu/Ccdc109a) has enabled us to address its role, and that of mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake, in neuronal excitotoxicity. Here we show that exogenously expressed Mcu is mitochondrially localized and increases mitochondrial Ca(2+) levels following NMDA receptor activation, leading to(More)
Factors that influence the activity of prefrontal cortex (PFC) pyramidal neurons are likely to play an important role in working memory function. One such factor may be the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Here we investigate the hypothesis that metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs)-mediated waves of internally released Ca2+ can regulate the(More)
Acute physiological pain, the unpleasant sensory response to a noxious stimulus, is essential for animals and humans to avoid potential injury. Pathological pain that persists after the original insult or injury has subsided, however, not only results in individual suffering but also imposes a significant cost on society. Improving treatments for(More)
Cognitive and behavioral functions depend on the activation of stable neuronal assemblies, i.e. distributed groups of co-active neurons within neuronal networks. It is therefore crucial to monitor distributed patterns of activity in real time with single-neuron resolution. Microelectrode recordings allow detection of coincidence between discharges of(More)
Calcium ions (Ca(2+)) released from inositol trisphosphate (IP(3))-sensitive intracellular stores may participate in both the transient and extended regulation of neuronal excitability in neocortical and hippocampal pyramidal neurons. IP(3) receptor (IP(3)R) antagonists represent an important tool for dissociating these consequences of IP(3) generation and(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbed brain metabolism is a signature of primary damage and/or precipitates secondary injury processes after severe brain injury. Sedatives and analgesics target electrophysiological functioning and are as such well-known modulators of brain energy metabolism. Still unclear, however, is how sedatives impact glucose metabolism and whether they(More)
Calcium-binding proteins (CaBPs) such as parvalbumin are part of the cellular calcium buffering system that determines intracellular calcium diffusion and influences the spatiotemporal dynamics of calcium signals. In neurons, CaBPs are primarily localized to the cytosol and function, for example, in nerve terminals in short-term synaptic plasticity.(More)