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A comparative study has been performed on five native laccases purified from the three basidiomycete fungi Pleurotus ostreatus, Rigidoporus lignosus, and Trametes trogii to relate their different catalytic capacities to their structural properties. Spectroscopic absorption features and EPR spectra at various pH values of the five enzymes are very similar(More)
The white-rot fungus Trametes trogii excretes a main laccase showing a molecular mass of 70 kDa, acidic isoelectric point and N-terminal sequence homol-ogous to that of several phenol oxidases. The purified enzyme oxidizes a number of phenolic and non-phenolic compounds; recalcitrant molecules may be converted into substrates by introducing, in the correct(More)
BACKGROUND Fungal laccases are useful enzymes for industrial applications; they exhibit broad substrate specificity and thus are able to oxidize a variety of xenobiotic compounds including chlorinated phenolics, synthetic dyes, pesticides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Unfortunately, the biotechnological exploitation of laccases can be hampered by(More)
A cDNA coding for laccase was isolated from the white-rot fungus Trametes trogii 201. This cDNA corresponded to the lcc1 gene, which coded for a precursor protein of 517 amino acids with a 21 amino acid signal peptide. Comparison of the deduced sequence with known laccases showed that this enzyme was most closely related to Lac1 from basidiomycete PM1 and(More)
The peptidase activities excreted in culture broths of Trametes trogii mycelium have been identified by determining the digestion pathway of various peptides. Insulin beta-chain (30 residues), procasomorphin (10 residues) and two peptides of five residues (proctolin and thymosin alpha 1 fragment 23-27) were utilized as model substrates. Aminopeptidase,(More)
The influence of potential inhibitors, naturally present in wine, on the activity of stem bromelain was investigated in order to evaluate the applicability of this enzyme for protein stabilization in white wine. Bromelain proteolytic activity was tested against a synthetic substrate (Bz-Phe-Val-Arg-pNA) in a model wine system after adding ethanol, sulfur(More)
The Antarctic fungus Lecanicillium muscarium CCFEE-5003 was preliminary cultivated in shaken flasks to check its chitinase production on rough shrimp and crab wastes. Production on shrimp shells was much higher than that on crab shells (104.6±9.3 and 48.6±3.1U/L, respectively). For possible industrial applications, bioprocess optimization was studied on(More)
We have designed and implemented on a personal computer a program for identifying and quantifying the fragments present in a peptide mixture obtained by hydrolysing a polypeptide of known sequence using digesting agents. The qualitative data utilized by the main algorithm consist of the target sequence of the intact molecule and the amino acid residues(More)
Reactivity of sulphydryl groups of cytosolic and mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferases from ox heart has been studied. A total of 5 and 7 cysteine residues per monomer are present in cAATo and mAATo, respectively. In native conditions only a single sulphydryl group can be titrated by Nbs2 while the catalytic activity remains unchanged, however in the(More)