Anna M. G. Cunningham

Learn More
We have applied two strategies for the cloning of four genes responsible for the biosynthesis of the GT1a ganglioside mimic in the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of a bacterial pathogen, Campylobacter jejuni OH4384, which has been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome. We first cloned a gene encoding an alpha-2, 3-sialyltransferase (cst-I) using an activity(More)
The genes encoding the alpha-2,3-sialyltransferases involved in lipooligosaccharide biosynthesis from Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae have been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. A high sensitivity enzyme assay using a synthetic fluorescent glycosyltransferase acceptor and capillary electrophoresis was used to screen a genomic(More)
Large-scale enzymatic synthesis of oligosaccharides, which contain terminal N-acetyl-neuraminic acid residues requires large amounts of the sialyltransferase and the corresponding sugar-nucleotide synthetase, which is required for the synthesis of the sugar-nucleotide donor, CMP-Neu5Ac. Using genes cloned from Neisseria meningitidis, we constructed a fusion(More)
The thermostability of the 20 396 Da Bacillus circulans xylanase was increased by the introduction of both intra- and intermolecular disulfide bridges by site-directed mutagenesis. Based on the 3-D structure of the enzyme, sites were chosen where favourable geometry for a bridge existed; in one case, to obtain favourable geometry additional mutations around(More)
The lgtB gene encoding a beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase gene and the lgtC gene encoding an alpha-1,4-galactosyltransferase from the bacterial pathogen Neisseria meningitidis were cloned into an expression vector and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Both genes expressed very well, but problems with C-terminal proteolysis were encountered with both(More)
The structure and specificity of the recombinant alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase from Neisseria meninigitidis are reported. This enzyme showed an unusual acceptor specificity in that it could use alpha-terminal and beta-terminal Gal residues as acceptors. In addition (beta1-->4)-linked and (beta1-->3)-linked terminal Gal served as acceptors. These properties(More)
Dietary ingestion of (n-3) PUFA alters the production of eicosanoids and can suppress chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The extent of changes in eicosanoid production during an infection of mice fed a diet high in (n-3) PUFA, however, has not, to our knowledge, been reported. We fed mice a diet containing either 18% by weight soybean oil (SO) or(More)
New functions can be incorporated into anti-hapten or anti-protein antibodies by mutating selected residues in the binding-site region either to Cys, to allow alkylation with reagents bearing the desired functional groups, or to His, to create metal-binding sites or to make antigen binding pH-sensitive. However, choosing suitable sites for these mutations(More)
The Gram-negative bacterium Campylobacter jejuni 81116 (Penner serotype HS:6) has a class E lipooligosaccharide (LOS) biosynthesis locus containing 19 genes, which encode for 11 putative glycosyltransferases, 1 lipid A acyltransferase and 7 enzymes thought to be involved in the biosynthesis of dideoxyhexosamine (ddHexN) moieties. Although the LOS outer core(More)
The permanently ice-covered lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica are distinctive ecosystems that consist strictly of microbial communities. In this study, water samples were collected from Lake Vanda, a stratified Dry Valley lake whose upper waters (from just below the ice cover to nearly 60 m) are highly oligotrophic, and used to establish(More)
  • 1