Anna M. Cheng

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Fostriecin, an antitumor antibiotic produced by Streptomyces pulveraceus, is a strong inhibitor of type 2A (PP2A; IC50 3.2 nM) and a weak inhibitor of type 1 (PP1; IC50 131 microM) serine/threonine protein phosphatases. Fostriecin has no apparent effect on the activity of PP2B, and dose-inhibition studies conducted with whole cell homogenates indicate that(More)
Members of the 70-kDa heat shock family can control and manipulate a host of oncogenic client proteins. This role of Hsp70 in both the folding and degradation of these client proteins makes it a potential drug target for certain forms of cancer. The phenothiazine family of compounds, as well as the flavonoid myricetin, was recently shown to inhibit(More)
Serine/threonine protein phosphatase type 4 (PP4) belongs to a family of okadaic acid and microcystin-LR-sensitive protein phosphatases. In this study, we report the cloning and characterization of the human PP4 gene. The gene spans about 10 kb and includes one untranslated and eight translated exons. The 5' flanking region of the gene is rich in G and C(More)
Fascin, an actin-bundling protein overexpressed in all carcinomas, has been associated with poor prognosis, shorter survival, and more metastatic diseases. It is believed that fascin facilitates tumor metastasis by promoting the formation of invasive membrane protrusions. However, the mechanisms by which fascin is overexpressed in tumors are not clear. TGFβ(More)
In lower eukaryotic organisms, the loss of serine/threonine protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) results in growth arrest after the onset of mitosis. In humans, four highly homologous isoforms of PP1 (PP1alpha, PP1delta, PP1gamma1, and PP1gamma2) have been identified. Determining the roles of these phosphatases, however, has proven difficult due to the lack of(More)
Equilibrium binding and activity studies indicate that adenosine 5'-diphosphate binds to phosphorylase kinase with high affinity at a site, or sites, distinct from the catalytic site. Equilibrium dialysis at pH 6.8 and 8.2, with and without Mg2+, and with phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated enzyme preparations revealed approximately 8 ADP binding sites per(More)
The interactions of nucleotides at the allosteric and catalytic sites of phosphorylase kinase were examined. Binding of nucleoside triphosphates at the nucleoside diphosphate allosteric activation site inhibited enzymatic activity; this was observed with either ATP or GTP. Increasing concentrations of ADP caused a biphasic response: low concentrations(More)
Recent work has shown that ADP is an allosteric activator of nonphosphorylated phosphorylase kinase from rabbit skeletal muscle (Cheng, A., Fitzgerald, T. J., and Carlson, G. M. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 2535-2542). The specificity of the allosteric site for nucleoside diphosphates is further investigated in this study. Only purine nucleoside diphosphates(More)
IκB kinase (IKKε) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that belongs to the IKK kinase family. Recent studies have shown that IKKε functions as a breast and ovarian cancer oncogene. We demonstrated frequent overexpression of IKKε in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). We immunohistochemically evaluated 78 PDAs using the avidin-biotin-peroxidase method(More)
The minimal T-cell receptor (TCR) beta-chain (TCR beta) enhancer has been identified by transfection into lymphoid cells. The minimal enhancer was active in T cells and in some B-lineage cells. When a larger fragment containing the minimal enhancer was used, its activity was apparent only in T cells. Studies with phytohemagglutinin and 4(More)