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Sixty nosocomial infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii resistant to aminoglycosides, cephalosporins, quinolones, penicillins, monobactams, and imipenem were treated with colistin (one patient had two infections that are included as two different cases). The infections were pneumonia (33% of patients), urinary tract(More)
BACKGROUND Central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CVC-BSI) are a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care settings. Many strategies have been used to decrease the risk of CVC-BSI; however, few studies have explored the educational intervention as an approach to reduce the CVC-BSI rates. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND There has been an increase in worldwide infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter. This poses a therapeutic challenge as few treatment options are available. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of polymyxins and ampicillin/sulbactam for treating infections caused by carbapenem-resistant(More)
A cluster of six cases of fungemia among hematology, bone marrow transplant, and oncology patients was investigated in a case-control study (18 controls). The use of implantable and semi-implantable central venous catheters was significantly associated with cases (p = 0.016). The hands of three healthcare workers (HCWs) were positive for Candida(More)
A Stereo Active Vision Interface is introduced which detects frontal faces in real world environments and performs particular active control tasks dependent on changes in the visual field. Firstly, connected skin colour regions in the visual scene are detected by applying a radial scanline algorithm. Secondly, facial features are searched for in the most(More)
Networking is currently facing important challenges arising from the advent of virtualization and cloud computing. Broad acceptance of these advanced technologies has raised new networking requirements related to the complex configuration, management and control means needed in order to cope with large scale virtual networks of highly dynamic nature(More)
The objective of this study is to describe infections in a specialized burns intensive care unit from 1993 to 1999. The criteria for admission to the unit are: children with burns involving at least 10% or adults with burns involving at least 20% of total body surface; burns affecting face, perineum or feet; suspected or proven airway injury; electric or(More)
The pandemic novel influenza A (H1N1) infection was considered widespread in Brazil on July 16, 2009. Since then, 46,810 cases of acute respiratory syndrome have been reported in Brazil, most of them concentrated in São Paulo. Through September 16, we have confirmed 9,249 cases of novel influenza A H1N1in Brazil, including 699 deaths. The mortality rate(More)
From March 2000 through April 2001, 385 HIV-positive individuals were evaluated to determine the prevalence of Streptococcus pneumoniae nasopharynx carriage, to determine antimicrobial susceptibility and serotypes, and to study factors associated with carriage. Each patient was interviewed, and a nasopharyngeal culture, HIV viral load, and CD4 lymphocyte(More)
Forty consecutive patients with nosomial infections caused by multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii were treated with intravenous ampicillin/sulbactam. The infections were primary bloodstream (32.5%), pneumonia (30%), urinary tract (15%), peritonitis (7.5%), surgical site (7.5%), meningitis (5%) and sinusitis (2.5%). Most were severe infections with(More)