Anna Leśniak

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Hybrid compounds are suggested to be a more effective remedy for treatment of various diseases than combination therapy, since the attenuation or total disappearance of side effects, typically induced by a single moiety, can be observed. This is of great importance, especially when we consider problems resulting from the use of opioid analgesics. However,(More)
The interactions between nanosized particles and living systems are commonly mediated by what adsorbs to the nanoparticle in the biological environment, its biomolecular corona, rather than the pristine surface. Here, we characterize the adhesion toward the cell membrane of nanoparticles of different material and size and study how this is modulated by the(More)
Opioids have a long history of therapeutic use as a remedy for various pain states ranging from mild acute nociceptive pain to unbearable chronic advanced or end-stage disease pain. Analgesia produced by classical opioids is mediated extensively by binding to opioid receptors located in the brain or the spinal cord. Nevertheless, opioid receptors are also(More)
The outstanding sensitivity of the canine olfactory system has been acknowledged by using sniffer dogs in military and civilian service for detection of a variety of odors. It is hypothesized that the canine olfactory ability is determined by polymorphisms in olfactory receptor (OR) genes. We investigated 5 OR genes for polymorphic sites which might affect(More)
This study searched for polymorphic sites in the murine mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors that presumably influence pain perception. We employed two mouse lines divergently bred for high (HA, high analgesia line) and low (LA, low analgesia line) swim stress-induced analgesia (SSIA). These mouse lines differ substantially in pain sensitivity, measured(More)
Opiate analgesics like morphine or fentanyl are the most widely used medicines for relieving severe acute or chronic pain, including cancer pain. Unfortunately, chronic pain treatment is associated with fast development of tolerance that creates the need to escalate the treatment doses. In addition, opiates may stimulate progression of cancer. Therefore, a(More)
The neuroprotective role of the endogenous opioid system in the pathophysiological sequelae of brain injury remains largely ambiguous. Noteworthy, almost no data is available on how its genetically determined activity influences the outcome of mild traumatic brain injury. Thus, the aim of our study was to examine the effect of opioid receptor blockage on(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, we presented a novel compound (PK20, Dmt-D-Lys-Phe-Phe-Lys-Lys-Pro-Phe-Tle-Leu-OH) that targets single entity opioid and neurotensin pharmacophores. This endomorphin-2-like opioid peptide was introduced as a highly active analgesic because it elicited a strong dose- and time-dependent antinociceptive response when administered centrally(More)
Over 20 years ago, the Sadowski group separated two mouse lines, one with high (HA) and the other with low (LA) sensitivity to swim stress-induced analgesia (SSIA). Recently, we proposed that increased leakage of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in the HA line created the difference in the response to SSIA. To search for further evidence for this hypothesis,(More)
Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) have been shown to participate in the mechanism of the antinociceptive action of tapentadol. The results obtained in this study indicate that tapentadol administered intrathecally at a range of doses (30-100 µg) increased nociceptive thresholds in the Randall-Selitto and tail-flick tests in rats; however, this effect was(More)