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During initiation of protein synthesis in bacteria, translation initiation factor IF2 is responsible for the recognition of the initiator tRNA (fMet-tRNA). To perform this function, IF2 binds to the ribosome interacting with both 30S and 50S ribosomal subunits. Here we report the topographical localization of translation initiation factor IF2 on the 70S(More)
The Escherichia coli hns gene, which encodes the nucleoid protein H-NS, was deprived of its natural promoter and placed under the control of the inducible lambda PL promoter. An hns mutant yielding a protein (H-NSΔ12) with a deletion of four amino acids (Gly112-Arg-Thr-Pro115) was also obtained. Overproduction of wild-type (wt) H-NS, but not of H-NSΔ12,(More)
Gel shift and DNase I footprinting experiments showed that Escherichia coli FIS (factor for inversion stimulation) protein binds to at least seven sites in the promoter region of hns. These sites extend from -282 to +25 with two sites, closely flanking the DNA bend located at -150 from the transcriptional startpoint, partly overlapping the H-NS binding(More)
Translational initiation factor 2 (IF2) is a guanine nucleotide-binding protein that can bind guanosine 3',5'-(bis) diphosphate (ppGpp), an alarmone involved in stringent response in bacteria. In cells growing under optimal conditions, the GTP concentration is very high, and that of ppGpp very low. However, under stress conditions, the GTP concentration may(More)
The influence of the rare initiation triplet AUU on mRNA translation was investigated by comparing the activity of two pairs of model mRNAs that differ in the length of Shine-Dalgarno and spacer sequences. Irrespective of the initiation triplet (AUG or AUU), all mRNAs had similar template activity in vitro, but translation of AUU mRNAs depended more on(More)
The primary sequence of H-NS (136 amino acid residues, Mr = 15,402), an abundant Escherichia coli DNA-binding protein, has been elucidated and its quaternary structure has been investigated by protein-protein cross-linking reactions. It was found that H-NS exists predominantly as a dimer, even at very low concentrations, but may form tetramers at higher(More)
By means of limited proteolysis of Bacillus stearothermophilus initiation factor IF2 and genetic manipulation of its structural gene, infB, we have been able to produce (or hyperproduce) and purify two polypeptide fragments corresponding to two structurally and functionally separate domains of the protein. The first is the G-domain (approximately 41 kDa),(More)
The translation factor IF6 is shared by the Archaea and the Eukarya, but is not found in Bacteria. The properties of eukaryal IF6 (eIF6) have been extensively studied, but remain somewhat elusive. eIF6 behaves as a ribosome-anti-association factor and is involved in miRNA-mediated gene silencing; however, it also seems to participate in ribosome synthesis(More)
The hypothesis of an adjustment of the mRNA in its ribosomal channel under the influence of the initiation factors has been tested by site-directed crosslinking experiments. Complexes containing 30S subunits with bound mRNA having 4-thio-uracil at specific positions were prepared in the presence or absence of initiation factors and/or fMet-tRNA and(More)