Anna L Young

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We describe a protocol for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Theobroma cacao L. using cotyledonary explants from primary somatic embryos (SEs) and A. tumefaciens strain AGL1. Transgenic plants carrying the visible marker, gene green fluorescent protein (EGFP), the selectable marker gene neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPTII), the class I(More)
Form I Rubisco (ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase), a complex of eight large (RbcL) and eight small (RbcS) subunits, catalyses the fixation of atmospheric CO(2) in photosynthesis. The limited catalytic efficiency of Rubisco has sparked extensive efforts to re-engineer the enzyme with the goal of enhancing agricultural productivity. To(More)
A key molecular event in prion diseases is the conversion of the prion protein (PrP) from its normal cellular form (PrPC) to the disease-specific form (PrPSc). The transition from PrPC to PrPSc involves a major conformational change, resulting in amorphous protein aggregates and fibrillar amyloid deposits with increased beta-sheet structure. Using(More)
The molecular chaperone, Hsc70, together with its co-factor, auxilin, facilitates the ATP-dependent removal of clathrin during clathrin-mediated endocytosis in cells. We have used cryo-electron microscopy to determine the 3D structure of a complex of clathrin, auxilin(401-910) and Hsc70 at pH 6 in the presence of ATP, frozen within 20 seconds of adding(More)
Recent studies indicate that a purified protein, activin A, belongs to the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily. Similar to TGF-beta, activin A can have different biologic activities, depending on the target tissues. We used recombinant activin A to demonstrate a possible regulatory role of this protein in modulating human erythroid(More)
Although the importance of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) in vascular diseases has clearly been established, most of the research on apoE has focused on its role in cholesterol metabolism. In view of the observation that apoE and its functional domains impact extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, we hypothesized that apoE could also confer protection(More)
Reproducible induction of sterilizing immunity, essential for an effective Helicobacter pylori vaccine, remains elusive. As motility is essential for gastric colonization by Helicobacter, we evaluated whether a vaccine targeting flagella induces improved protection. Mice immunized with a vaccine enriched for H. pylori flagella sheath proteins exhibited(More)
The regulatory control of human erythropoiesis through a purified protein, activin A, was examined. Previous studies using mixed populations of bone marrow cells suggested that activin A has an indirect effect on cellular proliferation and DNA synthesis of erythroid progenitors through the mediation of accessory cells. In present studies, the cultures of(More)
Clathrin is a cytoplasmic protein best known for its role in endocytosis and intracellular trafficking. The diverse nature of clathrin has recently become apparent, with strong evidence available suggesting roles in both chromosome segregation and reassembly of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. Clathrin functions as a heterohexamer, adopting a(More)
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