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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Noninvasive assessment of esophageal varices (EV) may improve the management of patients with cirrhosis and decrease both the medical and financial burden related to screening. In this multicenter, international study, our aim was to prospectively validate the use of the platelet count/spleen diameter ratio for the noninvasive diagnosis(More)
Thrombopoietin (TPO) deficiency has been proposed as an important etiologic factor for thrombocytopenia in advanced-stage liver disease. To clarify the contributions of platelet production, platelet consumption, coagulation activation, and splenic sequestration to thrombocytopenia in liver disease, we studied TPO serum levels and markers of platelet(More)
BACKGROUND In patients undergoing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), prognostic scores may identify those with a poor prognosis or even those with a clear survival benefit. The Child-Pugh score (CPS) is well established but several drawbacks have led to development of the model of end stage liver disease (MELD). AIM The aim of the study(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL28B and serum levels of interferon γ inducible protein 10 (IP-10) predict outcomes of antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C. We associated IL28B SNPs rs12979860 and rs8099917, along with serum levels of IP-10, with outcomes of patients with acute hepatitis C (AHC). METHODS We(More)
Patients co-infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are fraught with a rapid fibrosis progression rate and with complications of portal hypertension (PHT) We aimed to assess the influence of immune function [Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stage] on development of PHT and disease progression in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Treatment of chronic hepatitis C with interferon (IFN)-alpha often has hematotoxic effects. We evaluated the effects of acute vs. chronic and standard vs. pegylated IFN-alpha on hematopoiesis. METHODS We studied hematopoiesis in 46 patients with chronic hepatitis C receiving single high-dose IN-Falpha2b followed by daily dose standard or(More)
Thrombopoietin (TPO) is the key growth factor for platelet production and is elevated in states of platelet depletion. As thrombocytopenia is a common finding in malaria, we analysed TPO regulation before, during and after antimalarial treatment. Before treatment, TPO serum levels were significantly higher in patients with severe malaria (n = 35) than in(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of chronic hepatitis C with interferon (IFN)-alpha and ribavirin has haematotoxic effects. We evaluated the effects of four different IFN/IFN-ribavirin treatment regimens on haematopoiesis. METHODS Haematopoiesis was studied in 133 patients with chronic hepatitis C receiving IFN-alpha2b alone (group A) or in combination with ribavirin(More)
To explore the possibility of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor scintigraphy of primary tumours and their metastases, we analysed the binding properties of (123)I-labelled VEGF(165) ((123)I-VEGF(165)) and (123)I-VEGF(121) to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), several human tumour cell lines (HMC-1, A431, KU812, U937, HEP-1,(More)
The aim of the present study was to define potentially synergistic gemcitabine drug combinations for the treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma by using a tumour-specific in vitro screening system. The anticancer drug screening system used for these experiments consisted of four different established human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines (BxPc-3,(More)