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Many proline-rich proteins participate in delivering actin monomers to specific cellular locations where actin-rich membrane protrusions, such as ruffles, filopodia and microspikes, are formed. These protrusions are necessary for cell motility. Actin monomer is usually delivered to the site of polymerization in the form of profilactin - a complex of G-actin(More)
In mast cells, activation of GTP-binding proteins induces centripetal reorganization of actin filaments. This effect is due to disassembly, relocalization, and polymerization of F-actin and is dependent on two small GTPases, Rac and Rho. Activities of Rac and Rho are also essential for the secretory function of mast cells. In response to GTP-gamma-S and/or(More)
The transmembrane adaptor protein NTAL (non-T-cell activation linker) participates in signalosome assembly in hematopoietic cells, but its exact role in cell physiology remains enigmatic. We report here that BM-derived mast cells from NTAL-deficient mice, responding to Ag alone or in combination with SCF, exhibit reduced spreading on fibronectin, enhanced(More)
Rat peritoneal mast cells, both intact and permeabilized, have been used widely as model secretory cells. GTP-binding proteins and calcium play a major role in controlling their secretory response. Here we have examined changes in the organization of actin filaments in intact mast cells after activation by compound 48/80, and in permeabilized cells after(More)
Increasing cellular G-actin, using latrunculin B, in either intact or permeabilized rat peritoneal mast cells, caused translocation of both actin and an actin regulatory protein, cofilin, into the nuclei. The effect was not associated with an increase in the proportion of apoptotic cells. The major part of the nuclear actin was not stained by(More)
To investigate the role of the actin cytoskeleton in exocytosis, we have tested the effects of latrunculin B, a microfilament-disrupting drug, on secretion from intact and permeabilised rat peritoneal mast cells. The toxin strongly inhibited secretion from intact cells (attached or in suspension) responding to a polybasic agonist, compound 48/80. However,(More)
The major part of mast cell actin is Triton-soluble and behaves as a monomer in the DNase I inhibition assay. Thus, actin exists predominantly in monomeric or short filament form, through filamentous actin is clearly apparent in the cortical region after rhodamine-phalloidin (RP) staining. The minimum actin content is estimated to be approximately 2.5(More)
BACKGROUND Regulated secretion by mast cells is known to be controlled by GTP-binding proteins, but the proteins involved have not been identified. Rac and Rho, two small GTPases related to the oncoprotein Ras, mediate transmission of signals from cell-surface receptors to the actin cytoskeleton. In rat mast cells, both Rac and Rho participate in effecting(More)
Localized disassembly of cortical F-actin has long been considered necessary for facilitation of exocytosis. Exposure of permeabilized mast cells to calcium/ATP induces cortical F-actin disassembly (calmodulin-dependent) and secretion (calmodulin-independent). The delay in the onset of secretion is characteristic for the calcium/ATP response and is(More)