Anna Koffer

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BACKGROUND Regulated secretion by mast cells is known to be controlled by GTP-binding proteins, but the proteins involved have not been identified. Rac and Rho, two small GTPases related to the oncoprotein Ras, mediate transmission of signals from cell-surface receptors to the actin cytoskeleton. In rat mast cells, both Rac and Rho participate in effecting(More)
The major part of mast cell actin is Triton-soluble and behaves as a monomer in the DNase I inhibition assay. Thus, actin exists predominantly in monomeric or short filament form, through filamentous actin is clearly apparent in the cortical region after rhodamine-phalloidin (RP) staining. The minimum actin content is estimated to be approximately 2.5(More)
Localized disassembly of cortical F-actin has long been considered necessary for facilitation of exocytosis. Exposure of permeabilized mast cells to calcium/ATP induces cortical F-actin disassembly (calmodulin-dependent) and secretion (calmodulin-independent). The delay in the onset of secretion is characteristic for the calcium/ATP response and is(More)
Secretion is dependent on a rise in cytosolic Ca(2+)concentration and is associated with dramatic changes in actin organization. The actin cortex may act as a barrier between secretory vesicles and plasma membrane. Thus, disassembly of this cortex should precede late steps of exocytosis. Here we investigate regulation of both the actin cytoskeleton and(More)
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