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BACKGROUND Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs) are a group of severe metabolic disorders caused by deficiencies in enzymes involved in the degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs)-long chains of sugar carbohydrates in cells that help build bone, cartilage, tendons, corneas, skin, and connective tissue. Although enzyme replacement therapy has become available for(More)
Genistein [4',5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone or 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one] is a natural isoflavone occurring in many plants known to possess various biological activities, ranging from phyto-oestrogenic to antioxidative actions. Recent studies indicated that this isoflavone can also be considered as a drug for as yet untreatable(More)
Sanfilippo disease (mucopolysaccharidosis type III, MPS III) is a severe metabolic disorder caused by accumulation of heparan sulfate (HS), one of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), due to a genetic defect resulting in a deficiency of GAG hydrolysis. This disorder is characterized as the most severe neurological form of MPS, revealing rapid deterioration of brain(More)
Familial X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) skewing was investigated in a family in which a female mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) (Hunter syndrome, an X-linked genetic disease) occurred. Among eight related females aged under 60 years from three generations who were tested, four revealed a non-random pattern of XCI. Detailed genetic analysis failed to(More)
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are heritable, metabolic diseases caused by accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans, GAGs) in lysosomes. This accumulation is due to a deficiency in one of several specific enzymes involved in the degradation of GAGs. MPS type I (MPS I) is caused by low or undetectable activity of alpha-L-iduronidase, an enzyme(More)
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are severe metabolic disorders caused by accumulation of undegraded glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in lysosomes due to defects in certain lysosomal hydrolases. Substrate reduction therapy (SRT) has been proposed as one of potential treatment procedures of MPS. Importantly, small molecules used in such a therapy might potentially cross(More)
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of inherited, progressive, metabolic diseases, caused by the deficiency of one of the enzymes involved in the degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). The disease is usually fatal, with the life span of most untreated MPS patients being between one and two decades. In this report, on the basis of scanning electron(More)
Lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) is a group consisting of over 50 disorders caused mostly by dysfunctions of lysosomal proteins and resultant accumulation of particular compounds inside cells and extracellular volumes in affected organisms. Genetic diseases are among the most difficult targets for medical treatment. Nevertheless, understanding of molecular(More)
The bacterial actin-homolog MreB is a key player in bacterial cell-wall biosynthesis and is required for the maintenance of the rod-like morphology of Escherichia coli. However, how MreB cellular levels are adjusted to growth conditions is poorly understood. Here, we show that DsrA, an E. coli small noncoding RNA (sRNA), is involved in the(More)
A simple bacterial model for studying effects of human mutations in vivo, when homologous genes exist in bacterial and human cells, is presented. We have constructed Escherichia coli strains bearing different alleles of the metF gene, an ortologue of human MTHFR gene, coding for 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase. These strains bear a null mutation in(More)