Anna-Karin Larsson

Learn More
KEYWORDS: antibiotics´bioorganic chemistry´chaperone proteins´peptidomimetics The heavy use of antibiotics during the second half of the last century has resulted in widespread bacterial resistance. Overcoming resistance requires the development of antibiotics aimed at new targets in microorganisms. Preferably, such targets should be highly conserved in(More)
The crystal structures of wild-type human theta class glutathione-S-transferase (GST) T1-1 and its W234R mutant, where Trp234 was replaced by Arg, were solved both in the presence and absence of S-hexyl-glutathione. The W234R mutant was of interest due to its previously observed enhanced catalytic activity compared to the wild-type enzyme. GST T1-1 from rat(More)
A library of recombinant glutathione transferases (GSTs) generated by shuffling of DNA encoding human GST M1-1 and GST M2-2 was screened with eight alternative substrates, and the activities were subjected to multivariate analysis. Assays were made in lysates of bacteria in which the GST variants had been expressed. The primary data showed clustering of the(More)
The correlation between sequence diversity and enzymatic function was studied in a library of Theta class glutathione transferases (GSTs) obtained by stochastic recombination of fragments of cDNA encoding human GST T1-1 and rat GST T2-2. In all, 94 randomly picked clones were characterized with respect to sequence, expression level, and catalytic activity(More)
GST (glutathione transferase) T1-1 plays an important role in the biotransformation of halogenated alkanes, which are used in large quantities as solvents and occur as environmental pollutants. Many reactions that are catalysed by GST T1-1 qualify as detoxification processes, but some reactions with dihalogenated alkanes lead to reactive products more toxic(More)
Compelling evidence identifies airway smooth muscle (ASM) not only as a target but also a cellular source for a diverse range of mediators underlying the processes of airway narrowing and airway hyperresponsiveness in diseases such as asthma. These include the growing family of plasma membrane phospholipid-derived polyunsaturated fatty acids broadly(More)
Molecular evolution is frequently portrayed by structural relationships, but delineation of separate functional species is more elusive. We have generated enzyme variants by stochastic recombinations of DNA encoding two homologous detoxication enzymes, human glutathione transferases M1-1 and M2-2, and explored their catalytic versatilities. Sampled mutants(More)
Glutathione transferase (GST) displaying enhanced activity with the cytostatic drug 1,3-bis-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) and structurally related alkylating agents was obtained by molecular evolution. Mutant libraries created by recursive recombination of cDNA coding for human and rodent Theta-class GSTs were heterologously expressed in Escherichia(More)
The directed evolution of protein function frequently involves identification of mutants with improved properties from a population of variants obtained by mutagenesis. The selection of clones to parent the subsequent generation is crucial to the continued creation of superior progeny. In the present study, multivariate analysis guided the evolution of(More)
The tripeptide glutathione is a prominent intracellular constituent that provides protection against genotoxic and carcinogenic electrophiles and is also a component of several biological signal substances. Glutathione conjugates, free glutathione, and glutathione disulfide contain charged amino acid residues, which contribute to solubility in aqueous(More)
  • 1