Anna K. Parsons

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OBJECTIVES A panel of 14 physicians practicing medicine in the United States with expertise in radiology, obstetrics and gynecology, gynecologic oncology, hysteroscopy, epidemiology, and pathology was convened by the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound to discuss the role of sonography in women with postmenopausal bleeding. Broad objectives of this(More)
In examinations where the etiology of an abnormal endometrial sonographic image is not clear, saline infusion through a fine flexible catheter during transvaginal sonography provides visual contrast and uterine expansion. In 39 women, polyps, myomata, synechiae, endometrial hyperplasia, and cancer were correctly described as verified at surgery. Hyperplasia(More)
PROBLEM The aim of this study was to characterize the phenotype of peritoneal lymphocyte and macrophage populations in mild versus severe endometriosis. METHOD Using dual staining, antigen expression on peritoneal leukocytes from 24 women with endometriosis and 21 control patients was analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS All groups had CD4:CD8 ratios of(More)
The IETA (International Endometrial Tumor Analysis group) statement is a consensus statement on terms, definitions and measurements that may be used to describe the sonographic features of the endometrium and uterine cavity on gray-scale sonography, color flow imaging and sonohysterography. The relationship between the ultrasound features described and the(More)
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine convened a panel of physicians and scientists with interest and expertise in 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology to discuss the current diagnostic benefits and technical limitations in obstetrics and gynecology and consider the utility and role of this type of imaging in clinical(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that endometriosis modulates the microenvironment of peritoneal cavity. Therefore, in this study, we compared the protein profile of peritoneal fluids from normal fertile women with those from patients with infertility, and patients with mild to severe endometriosis. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of peritoneal(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of a selective estrogen receptor modulator, raloxifene, on postmenopausal endometrium. METHODS Healthy postmenopausal women (n = 415) were randomly assigned to one of the following four groups: 60 or 150 mg/day raloxifene hydrochloride, 0.625 mg/day conjugated equine estrogens, or placebo, and treated for 1 year.(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of raloxifene on the response to conjugated estrogen cream or nonhormonal moisturizer in postmenopausal women with preexisting signs of vaginal atrophy. METHODS Postmenopausal women with preexisting and untreated vaginal atrophy were enrolled in this parallel, placebo-controlled, randomized study. A total of 187 women were(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the ability of peritoneal leukocytes to produce interleukin-6 (IL-6) in vitro and to determine whether IL-6 is present in the peritoneal fluid (PF) in vivo. DESIGN Peritoneal leukocytes were assessed for spontaneous versus stimulated IL-6 production. Interleukin-6 in the PF was also quantitated. SETTING Leukocytes were(More)
Although operative laparoscopy is a safe and effective method of treating ectopic pregnancy, its widespread acceptance requires appropriate operator training and experience. This retrospective study correlated operative results with experience of the resident performing surgery. Thirteen postgraduate year 3 and 4 gynecology residents treated 60 ectopic(More)