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Increased levels of interleukin 8 (IL-8) are found in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids from patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, IL-8 is not an efficient predictor of the course of ARDS. Our prior studies demonstrated that IL-8 present in lung fluids from patients with ARDS is associated with anti-IL-8 autoantibodies(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that elevated concentrations of interleukin-8 associated with anti-interleukin-8 autoantibodies (anti-interleukin-8:interleukin-8 complexes) are found in patients at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome who developed the disease. DESIGN Measurement of anti-interleukin-8:interleukin-8 complex concentrations in(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated that a significant fraction of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in lung fluids from patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with anti-IL-8 autoantibodies (anti-IL-8:IL-8 immune complexes). Neutrophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of ALI/ARDS, and moreover, it is(More)
alpha 2-Macroglobulin (alpha 2m) is a major plasma proteinase inhibitor, as well as a carrier and regulator of the function of many cytokines. IL-8 is a potent neutrophil attractant and activator, and it plays an important role in the pathogenesis of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The concentration of both IL-8 and alpha 2m is increased in lung(More)
Previous observations by our laboratory indicate that the presence of anti-IL-8 autoantibody:IL-8 immune complexes in lung fluids from patients with acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) comprises an important prognostic indicator in the development and ultimate outcome of ALI/ARDS. We also showed that these complexes display(More)
A significant fraction of IL-8 in lung fluids from patients with the acute lung injury (ALI) is associated with anti-IL-8 autoantibodies (anti-IL-8:IL-8 complexes), and lung fluid concentrations of these complexes correlate with development and outcome of ALI. In this study, we examined whether anti-IL-8:IL-8 complexes exhibit proinflammatory activity in(More)
IL-8 is a member of the chemokine alpha subfamily that activates and is chemotactic for neutrophils. In these studies, we have synthesized and characterized a hexapeptide inhibitor of IL-8. This peptide, with an acetylated amino terminus and an amidated carboxyl terminus (Ac-RRWWCR-NH2), inhibited the specific binding of 125I-IL-8 to neutrophils. The(More)
Acute lung injury is a complex clinical syndrome involving acute inflammation, microvascular damage, and increased pulmonary vascular and epithelial permeability, frequently resulting in acute respiratory failure culminating in often-fatal acute respiratory distress syndrome. Interleukin 8 (IL-8), a potent neutrophil attractant and activator, plays a(More)
CONTEXT Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are a continuum of lung changes arising from a wide variety of lung injuries, frequently resulting in significant morbidity and frequently in death. Research regarding the molecular pathophysiology of ALI/ARDS is ongoing, with the aim toward developing prognostic molecular(More)
IL-8 is a potent neutrophil attractant and activator. IL-8 has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, sepsis, psoriasis, and the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Our previous studies demonstrated that high concentrations of IL-8 were present in alveolar fluids from patients with ARDS(More)