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The epsilon subunit of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase III possesses 3'-exonucleolytic proofreading activity. Within the Pol III core, epsilon is tightly bound between the alpha subunit (DNA polymerase) and subunit. Here, we present the crystal structure of epsilon in complex with HOT, the bacteriophage P1-encoded homolog of , at 2.1 A resolution. The(More)
The theta subunit (holE gene product) of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase (Pol) III holoenzyme is a tightly bound component of the polymerase core. Within the core (alpha-epsilon-theta), the alpha and epsilon subunits carry the DNA polymerase and 3' proofreading functions, respectively, while the precise function of theta is unclear. holE homologs are(More)
The Hot (homolog of theta) protein of bacteriophage P1 can substitute for the Escherichia coli DNA polymerase III theta subunit, as evidenced by its stabilizing effect on certain dnaQ mutants that carry an unstable polymerase III epsilon proofreading subunit (antimutator effect). Here, we show that Hot can also cause an increase in the mutability of various(More)
DNA polymerase III, the main replicative polymerase of E. coli, contains a small subunit, theta, that binds to the epsilon proofreading subunit and appears to enhance the enzyme's proofreading function--especially under extreme conditions. It was recently discovered that E. coli bacteriophage P1 encodes a theta homolog, named HOT. The (1)H-(15)N HSQC(More)
The bacteriophage P1 hot gene product is a homolog of the theta subunit of E. coli DNA polymerase III. Previous studies with hot cloned on a plasmid have shown that Hot protein can substitute for theta, as evidenced by its stabilizing effect on certain dnaQ mutator mutants carrying an unstable pol III proofreading subunit (epsilon subunit). These results(More)
The polypeptide composition of HIV-I virus-like particles produced by CV-I cells during mono- and coinfection with recombinant vaccinia virus (rVV) strains containing the whole (p55) and carboxyterminal truncated (p48) gag genes and gag-pol sequence is studied. In monoinfection both the gag-strains actively produced virus-like particles consisting of(More)
For studies of intracellular Vpr transport and the effect of the HIV-1 Gag polyprotein on the process, a recombinant baculovirus strain was constructed, which directs the synthesis of Vpr fused with the baculovirus secretory polypeptide. During infection the majority of Vpr has been observed in the cell nuclear fraction. These data suggest that Vpr(More)
A method for describing the Orthopoxviruses that are pathogenic both to man and animals is described in the article. The method is based on hybridization of a fluorescently labelled amplified DNA sample with oligonucleotides, which were immobilized in a microchip. Species-specific regions within the crmB gene encoding a viral analogue of the tumor necrosis(More)
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