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The timing and tissue localization of small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) during cork oak somatic embryo development was investigated under normal growing culture conditions and in response to stress. Western blot analyses using polyclonal antibodies raised against cork oak recombinant HSP17 showed a transient accumulation of class I sHSPs during somatic(More)
We report on a new cDNA clone (Qshsp10.4-CI) of a Quercus suber L. class-CI small heat-shock protein (sHsp) obtained from cork (phellem), a highly oxidatively stressed plant tissue. The deduced gene product lacks the C-terminal extension and the consensus I region of the α-crystallin domain, being the most C-terminally truncated sHsp reported to date. In an(More)
A total of 109 lactic acid bacteria isolated from infant faeces were identified by partial 16S rRNA, cpn60 and/or pheS sequencing. Lactobacillus was the most prevalent genus, representing 48% of the isolates followed by Enterococcus (38%). Lactobacillus gasseri (21%) and Enterococcus faecalis (38%) were the main species detected. A further selection of(More)
Recontamination of ready-to-eat products such as cooked ham during post-processing may be the cause of outbreaks of food-borne disease. The effectiveness of the combination of high pressure processing (HPP) at 600MPa with the natural antimicrobials nisin and potassium lactate has been evaluated in sliced cooked ham spiked with 4LogCFU/g of Salmonella sp.,(More)
AIMS To combine the principles of most-probable-number (MPN) statistics and the conventional PCR technique to enumerate Listeria monocytogenes in fermented sausages. METHODS AND RESULTS A simple method to enumerate L. monocytogenes in fermented sausages was developed and compared with direct plating in Palcam agar. Species-specific MPN-PCR, but not direct(More)
We describe a quick and simple method for the quantitative detection of Listeria monocytogenes in meat products. This method is based on filtration, Chelex-100-based DNA purification, and real-time PCR. It can detect as few as 100 CFU/g and quantify as few as 1,000 CFU/g, with excellent accuracy compared to that of the plate count method. Therefore, it is a(More)
The root canals of 27 caries-free human cuspids were divided into 3 groups of 9 teeth each. Group I was mechanically prepared with reamers and files. Alternate irrigation with 5.25% NaOCl and 3% hydrogen peroxide was used between each instrument. The group II root canals were prepared with the use of alternate irrigation with the same concentrations of(More)
Three groups of 10 maxillary anterior teeth each, which had been exposed to oral media, were flushed with 9 ml of tap water, physiologic saline solution, and alternating irrigation with NaOCl and hydrogen peroxide respectively. Residual caries, necrotic tissue remnants, intertubular cavitation, and dentinal tubule invasion by bacteria were searched for by(More)
Although nucleic acids are the paradigm of genetic information conservation, they are inherently unstable molecules that suffer intrinsic and environmental damage. Oxidative stress has been related to senescence and aging and, recently, it has been shown that mutations accumulate at high frequency in mitochondrial DNA with age. We investigated RNA and DNA(More)