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A quick and simple method for quantitative detection of Lactobacillus sakei in fermented sausages was successfully developed. It is based on Chelex-100-based DNA purification and real-time PCR enumeration using a TaqMan fluorescence probe. Primers and probes were designed in the L. sakei 16S-23S rRNA intergenic transcribed spacer region, and the assay was(More)
The effectiveness of nisin, lactate salts, and high hydrostatic pressure to inhibit the growth of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella in sliced cooked ham was studied through a combination of PCR-based detection methods, most probable number, and classical microbial enumeration techniques (International Organization for Standardization protocols). A(More)
Recovery of injured bacteria after high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment is a key point in food safety. In this study, protein synthesis during the recovery of meat environment bacteria Listeria monocytogenes CTC1011, Lactobacillus sakei 23K, L. sakei CTC494, Enterococcus faecalis CTC6365 and Enterococcus faecium CTC6375 after a 400 MPa HHP treatment(More)
The timing and tissue localization of small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) during cork oak somatic embryo development was investigated under normal growing culture conditions and in response to stress. Western blot analyses using polyclonal antibodies raised against cork oak recombinant HSP17 showed a transient accumulation of class I sHSPs during somatic(More)
Enterocins A and B and sakacin K at 200 and 2,000 activity units (AU)/cm2, nisin at 200 AU/cm2, 1.8% potassium lactate, and a combination of 200 AU/cm2 of nisin and 1.8% lactate were incorporated into interleavers, and their effectiveness against Listeria monocytogenes spiked in sliced, cooked ham was evaluated. Antimicrobial-packaged cooked ham was then(More)
The single and combined effects of enterocin AS-48 and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonellaenterica, and Staphylococcus aureus was investigated in fuet (a low acid fermented sausage) during ripening and storage at 7 degrees C or at room temperature. AS-48 (148 AU g(-1)) caused a drastic 5.5 log cfu g(-1) decrease in L.(More)
We describe a quick and simple method for the quantitative detection of Listeria monocytogenes in meat products. This method is based on filtration, Chelex-100-based DNA purification, and real-time PCR. It can detect as few as 100 CFU/g and quantify as few as 1,000 CFU/g, with excellent accuracy compared to that of the plate count method. Therefore, it is a(More)
AIMS To combine the principles of most-probable-number (MPN) statistics and the conventional PCR technique to enumerate Listeria monocytogenes in fermented sausages. METHODS AND RESULTS A simple method to enumerate L. monocytogenes in fermented sausages was developed and compared with direct plating in Palcam agar. Species-specific MPN-PCR, but not direct(More)
High hydrostatic pressure (HP) processing is used in the food industry to enhance the safety and extend the shelf-life of food. Although a drastic decrease in microbial viability is achieved immediately after the application of HP treatments, under favorable conditions the injured bacteria can recover. The present study evaluated the inactivation and(More)
Recontamination of ready-to-eat products such as cooked ham during post-processing may be the cause of outbreaks of food-borne disease. The effectiveness of the combination of high pressure processing (HPP) at 600MPa with the natural antimicrobials nisin and potassium lactate has been evaluated in sliced cooked ham spiked with 4LogCFU/g of Salmonella sp.,(More)