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This report describes phenanthrene uptake as well as the effect of phenanthrene on the membrane phospholipid and fatty acid composition in a newly isolated bacterial strain, Sphe3, that we taxonomically identified as Arthrobacter sp. Strain Sphe3 is able to utilize phenanthrene as a carbon source at high rates and appears to internalize phenanthrene with(More)
A novel halophilic bacterium, designated strain MSS4(T), was isolated from the solar salterns of Mesolongi, Greece. The micro-organism, a motile, Gram-stain-positive, aerobic rod, proliferated at salinities of 1.0-4.0 M NaCl, with optimal growth at 2.5 M NaCl. Endospores were not observed. Strain MSS4(T) showed optimal growth at 37 degrees C and pH 8.0. The(More)
Three bacterial strains, designated as Wphe1, Sphe1, and Ophe1, were isolated from Greek soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-containing waste from the wood processing, steel, and oil refinery industries. Wphe1, Sphe1, and Ophe1 were characterized and identified as species of Pseudomonas, Microbacterium, and Paracoccus,(More)
Exponentially growing cells of Zymomonas mobilis normally exhibit a lag period of up to 3 h when transferred from 0.11 M (2%) to 0.55 M (10%) glucose liquid medium. A mutant of Z. mobilis (CU1Rif2), fortuitously isolated, showed more than a 20-h lag period when grown under the same conditions, whereas on 0.55 M glucose solid medium, it failed to grow. The(More)
A polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading bacterial strain Spyr1 was isolated from Greek creosote polluted soil by an enrichment method using pyrene as sole carbon and energy source. Spyr1 was identified as Mycobacterium sp. based on 16S rDNA analysis and it was capable of degrading pyrene, fluoranthene, fluorene, anthracene, and acenaphthene. The(More)
The long-term response of the broad-salt growing halophile Chromohalobacter salexigens DSM 3043T to salt stress has been investigated with respect to adaptive changes in membrane lipid composition. This study included the wild-type and three salt-sensitive, ectoine-deficient strains: CHR62 (ectA::Tn1732, unable to grow above 0.75 M NaCl), CHR63(More)
Arthrobacter phenanthrenivorans is the type species of the genus, and is able to metabolize phenanthrene as a sole source of carbon and energy. A. phenanthrenivorans is an aerobic, non-motile, and Gram-positive bacterium, exhibiting a rod-coccus growth cycle which was originally isolated from a creosote polluted site in Epirus, Greece. Here we describe the(More)
AIM The aim of this work was to construct a Zymomonas mobilis mutant capable of simultaneous ethanol and ice nuclei production from agricultural by-product such as sugar beet molasses, in steady-state continuous culture. METHODS AND RESULTS A sucrose-hypertolerant mutant of Z. mobilis strain CP4, named suc40, capable of growing on 40% (w/v) sucrose medium(More)
Release of ice nuclei in the growth medium of recombinant Halomonas elongata cells expressing the inaZ gene of Pseudomonas syringae was studied in an attempt to produce cell-free active ice nuclei for biotechnological applications. Cell-free ice nuclei were not retained by cellulose acetate filters of 0.2 microm pore size. Highest activity of cell-free ice(More)
Mycobacterium sp.Spyr1 is a newly isolated strain that occurs in a creosote contaminated site in Greece. It was isolated by an enrichment method using pyrene as sole carbon and energy source and is capable of degrading a wide range of PAH substrates including pyrene, fluoranthene, fluorene, anthracene and acenapthene. Here we describe the genomic features(More)