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BACKGROUND There is conclusive evidence that human papillomavirus (HPV) infections of the cervix are a necessary cause of cervical cancer. In Italy there are consistent data of HPV prevalence in women aged 25 - 64 years, but there is limited data for younger women. The objective of this on-going 3-year prospective cohort study is to investigate the(More)
The efficacy of cytological screening in preventing adenocarcinoma of cervix uteri as compared to squamous cell cancer has been evaluated by means of a case-control study in the province of Florence. The odds ratios of women who had a Pap test within the 3 years before the index date was 0.65 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.26-1.64) and 0.15 (95% CI(More)
3809 women in whom breast cysts were aspirated were followed up to evaluate the observed/expected ratio of subsequent breast cancer. Breast cancer at cyst aspiration was excluded by physical examination and mammography. The first year of follow-up was censored to avoid a prevalence screening effect. Subsequent breast cancers were found either directly or by(More)
The authors report on a consecutive retrospective series of 150 male breast cancers. Clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features are compared over time and with respect to a large consecutive series of female breast cancers. Both age at diagnosis and tumor stage were more advanced in males than in females. Poor alertness of both men and doctors for this(More)
The authors report on 182 cases of intrathoracic metastases (ITM = lung, pleura or mediastinum) observed as first single recurrences in the course of the follow-up of patients treated for primary breast cancer. ITM were detected on standard two-views chest X-ray (CXR) at regular follow-up visits and in absence of subjective symptoms (102 A cases) or in the(More)
The predictive value of fine needle aspiration (FNA) was assessed in 1,181 consecutive cases of breast lesions in which cytologic abnormalities were reported. The positive predictive value (PPV) of an FNA cytologic report of atypia, suspicious or positive was 0.49, 0.95 or 0.996, respectively. In the presence of a suspicious/positive report by both physical(More)
In the experimental arm of a randomised trial, women were tested both for liquid-based cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA and referred for colposcopy if cytology was ASCUS (atypical cells of undetermined significance) or more severe. We considered those with ASCUS (757) or LSIL (low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions) (485) and a valid HPV test(More)
Incidence rates of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix have been reported to be increasing in several countries, but not in Italy. The aim of the present study was to analyse trends in cervical cancer incidence by histological type in two districts of Central Italy (Florence and Prato), covered by the Tuscany Cancer Registry (RTT), where cytological(More)
In Italy, where no national screening program for cervical cancer exists, organized programs have developed on a local basis. We performed the first survey of existing organized programs by mailing a standard questionnaire to a large network of possibly involved services. For the present survey, a program was defined as organized if personal invitations(More)
Cervical cancer screening programmes in Italy actively invite all 25-64-year-old resident women for the Pap test every 3 years irrespective of their citizenship. Immigrant women come from countries where screening is absent or poorly implemented and the prevalence of human papillomavirus is often high. These women therefore have significant risk factors for(More)