Anna Iacoangeli

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Translational control at the synapse is thought to be a key determinant of neuronal plasticity. How is such control implemented? We report that small untranslated BC1 RNA is a specific effector of translational control both in vitro and in vivo. BC1 RNA, expressed in neurons and germ cells, inhibits a rate-limiting step in the assembly of translation(More)
BC1 RNA is a dendritic untranslated RNA that has been implicated in local translational control mechanisms in neurons. Prerequisite for a functional role of the RNA in synaptodendritic domains is its targeted delivery along the dendritic extent. We report here that the targeting-competent 5' BC1 domain carries two dendritic targeting codes. One code,(More)
In neurons, local protein synthesis in synaptodendritic microdomains has been implicated in the growth and plasticity of synapses. Prerequisites for local translation are the targeted transport of RNAs to distal sites of synthesis in dendrites and translational control mechanisms to limit synthesis to times of demand. Here we identify dendritic BC1 RNA as a(More)
BC200 RNA, a small functional RNA that operates as a translational modulator, has been implicated in the regulation of local synaptodendritic protein synthesis in neurons. Cell type-specific expression of BC200 RNA is tightly controlled such that the RNA is not normally detected in somatic cells other than neurons. However, the neuron-specific control of(More)
BC1 RNA and BC200 RNA are two non-homologous, small non-messenger RNAs (snmRNAs) that were generated, evolutionarily, quite recently by retroposition. This process endowed the RNA polymerase III transcripts with central adenosine-rich regions. Both RNAs are expressed almost exclusively in neurons, where they are transported into dendritic processes as(More)
Translational control of gene expression is instrumental in the regulation of eukaryotic cellular form and function. Neurons in particular rely on this form of control because their numerous synaptic connections need to be independently modulated in an input-specific manner. Brain cytoplasmic (BC) RNAs implement translational control at neuronal synapses.(More)
Regulatory RNAs are being increasingly investigated in neurons, and important roles in brain function have been revealed. Regulatory RNAs are non-protein-coding RNAs (npcRNAs) that comprise a heterogeneous group of molecules, varying in size and mechanism of action. Regulatory RNAs often exert post-transcriptional control of gene expression, resulting in(More)
RNA localization is an important means of post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in many eukaryotic cell types. In neurons, select RNAs are delivered to postsynaptic dendritic microdomains, a mechanism that is considered a key underpinning in the administration of long-term synaptic plasticity. BC1 RNA is a small untranslated RNA that interacts(More)
The ubiquitin mediated pathway constitutes an early response in cultured cells where apoptosis, assessed by internucleosomal specific DNA fragmentation, was induced by serum withdrawal. Data demonstrate that nuclear ubiquitin proteolytic system, but not cytoplasmic, is activated. This activation is paralleled by a substantial chromatin de-condensation. We(More)
This study of a large family of κ L chain clusters in nurse shark completes the characterization of its classical Ig gene content (two H chain isotypes, μ and ω, and four L chain isotypes, κ, λ, σ, and σ-2). The shark κ clusters are minigenes consisting of a simple VL-JL-CL array, where V to J recombination occurs over an ~500-bp interval, and functional(More)