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Breast cancer research is hampered by difficulties in obtaining and studying primary human breast tissue, and by the lack of in vivo preclinical models that reflect patient tumor biology accurately. To overcome these limitations, we propagated a cohort of human breast tumors grown in the epithelium-free mammary fat pad of severe combined immunodeficient(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic chemotherapy for operable breast cancer substantially decreases the risk of death. Patients often have de novo resistance or incomplete response to docetaxel, one of the most active agents in this disease. We postulated that gene expression profiles of the primary breast cancer can predict the response to docetaxel. METHODS We took(More)
PURPOSE Human invasive breast cancers (IBC) show enormous histologic and biological diversity. This study comprehensively evaluated diversity in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), the immediate precursors of IBCs. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The extent of diversity for conventional histologic grade and standard prognostic biomarkers assessed by immunohistochemistry(More)
The effectiveness of therapies targeting specific pathways in breast cancer, such as the estrogen receptor or HER2, is limited because many tumors manifest resistance, either de novo or acquired, during the course of treatment. To investigate molecular mechanisms of resistance, we used two xenograft models of estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer,(More)
Not all breast cancers respond to tamoxifen, and many develop resistance despite initial benefit. We used an in vivo model of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer (MCF-7 xenografts) to investigate mechanisms of this resistance and develop strategies to circumvent it. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER2, which were barely detected in(More)
INTRODUCTION Doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (Adriamycin/cytoxan, AC) is a standard chemotherapy regimen for breast cancer, but de novo resistance is frequent. We hypothesized that gene expression profiles predictive of AC response may be different from our previously published patterns with docetaxel. METHODS Core biopsies from 40 patients were obtained(More)
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are aggressive with no effective targeted therapies. A combined database analysis identified 32 inflammation-related genes differentially expressed in TNBCs and 10 proved critical for anchorage-independent growth. In TNBC cells, an LPA-LPAR2-EZH2 NF-κB signaling cascade was essential for expression of interleukin(More)
PURPOSE Genomic profiling studies suggest that triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease. In this study, we sought to define TNBC subtypes and identify subtype-specific markers and targets. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN RNA and DNA profiling analyses were conducted on 198 TNBC tumors [estrogen receptor (ER) negativity defined as Allred scale(More)
PURPOSE We previously reported an insulin-like growth factor (IGF) gene expression signature, based on genes induced or repressed by IGF-I, which correlated with poor prognosis in breast cancer. We tested whether the IGF signature was affected by anti-IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) inhibitors and whether the IGF signature correlated with response to a dual(More)
PURPOSE Tamoxifen (Tam) is the most prescribed hormonal agent for treatment of estrogen receptor α (ERα)-positive breast cancer patients. Using microarray analysis, we observed that metastatic breast tumors resistant to Tam therapy had elevated levels of Dicer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We overexpressed Dicer in ERα-positive MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and(More)