Anna I. Tsimelzon

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Not all breast cancers respond to tamoxifen, and many develop resistance despite initial benefit. We used an in vivo model of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer (MCF-7 xenografts) to investigate mechanisms of this resistance and develop strategies to circumvent it. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER2, which were barely detected in(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic chemotherapy for operable breast cancer substantially decreases the risk of death. Patients often have de novo resistance or incomplete response to docetaxel, one of the most active agents in this disease. We postulated that gene expression profiles of the primary breast cancer can predict the response to docetaxel. METHODS We took(More)
Using a syngeneic p53-null mouse mammary gland tumor model that closely mimics human breast cancer, we have identified, by limiting dilution transplantation and in vitro mammosphere assay, a Lin(-)CD29(H)CD24(H) subpopulation of tumor-initiating cells. Upon subsequent transplantation, this subpopulation generated heterogeneous tumors that displayed(More)
PURPOSE Human invasive breast cancers (IBC) show enormous histologic and biological diversity. This study comprehensively evaluated diversity in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), the immediate precursors of IBCs. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The extent of diversity for conventional histologic grade and standard prognostic biomarkers assessed by immunohistochemistry(More)
PURPOSE Genomic profiling studies suggest that triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease. In this study, we sought to define TNBC subtypes and identify subtype-specific markers and targets. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN RNA and DNA profiling analyses were conducted on 198 TNBC tumors [estrogen receptor (ER) negativity defined as Allred scale(More)
Breast cancer research is hampered by difficulties in obtaining and studying primary human breast tissue, and by the lack of in vivo preclinical models that reflect patient tumor biology accurately. To overcome these limitations, we propagated a cohort of human breast tumors grown in the epithelium-free mammary fat pad of severe combined immunodeficient(More)
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are aggressive with no effective targeted therapies. A combined database analysis identified 32 inflammation-related genes differentially expressed in TNBCs and 10 proved critical for anchorage-independent growth. In TNBC cells, an LPA-LPAR2-EZH2 NF-κB signaling cascade was essential for expression of interleukin(More)
Obesity is thought to contribute to worse disease outcome in breast cancer as a result of increased levels of adipocyte-secreted endocrine factors, insulin, and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) that accelerate tumor cell proliferation and impair treatment response. We examined the effects of patient obesity on primary breast tumor gene expression, by(More)
The effectiveness of therapies targeting specific pathways in breast cancer, such as the estrogen receptor or HER2, is limited because many tumors manifest resistance, either de novo or acquired, during the course of treatment. To investigate molecular mechanisms of resistance, we used two xenograft models of estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer,(More)
There is a growing body of literature supporting estrogen's ability to affect gene expression through a nonclassical pathway, in which estrogen receptor (ER) modulates the activity of other transcription factors such as activator protein (AP)-1, specificity protein (Sp-1), or nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB). We hypothesized that many estrogen-induced genes(More)