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Skeletal muscle is a major glucose-utilizing tissue in the absorptive state and the major glucose transporter expressed in muscle in adulthood is GLUT4. GLUT4 expression is exquisitely regulated in muscle and this seems important in the regulation of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake by this tissues. Thus, muscle GLUT4 overexpression in transgenic animals(More)
We investigated the response of the glucose transport system to insulin, in the presence of ambient glucose concentrations, in isolated skeletal muscle from seven patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) (age, 55±3 years, BMI 27.4±1.8 kg/m2) and seven healthy control subjects (age, 54±3 years, BMI 26.5±1.1 kg/m2). Insulin-mediated whole(More)
The pathologic changes associated to response to primary chemotherapy in a series of 303 operable breast cancers are evaluated and correlated to patients' follow-up (interval free of disease and survival). In our series, the incidence of microscopic changes related to chemotherapy is 43.9%. Tumor replacement by loose fibrosis is the most common pathologic(More)
Cardiac muscle is characterized by a high rate of glucose consumption. In the absence of insulin, glucose transport into cardiomyocytes limits the rate of glucose utilization and therefore it is important to understand the regulation of glucose transporters. Cardiac muscle cells express 2 distinct glucose transporters, GLUT4 and GLUT1; although GLUT4 is(More)
We show here high levels of expression and secretion of the chemokine CXC ligand 5 (CXCL5) in the macrophage fraction of white adipose tissue (WAT). Moreover, we find that CXCL5 is dramatically increased in serum of human obese compared to lean subjects. Conversely, CXCL5 concentration is decreased in obese subjects after a weight reduction program, or in(More)
We have studied the activity of system A transport in skeletal muscle during experimental diabetes. Five days after streptozotocin injection, rats showed a marked hyperglycemia and a substantial decrease in the content of GLUT-4 protein in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Under these conditions, basal uptake of 2-(methyl)aminoisobutyric acid (MeAIB), an(More)
The interaction of middle-aging and chronic high-fat feeding on glucose transport in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue was examined. To this end, we studied the effects of 6 month treatment with a high-fat diet in 12-month old rats. Chronic high-fat feeding led to a substantial reduction in GLUT4 glucose transporter expression both in adipose tissue and in(More)
OBJECTIVE Cellular cardiomyoplasty using skeletal myoblasts is a promising therapy for myocardial infarct repair. Once transplanted, myoblasts grow, differentiate and adapt their electrophysiological properties towards more cardiac-like phenotypes. Voltage-dependent Na(+) channels (Na(v)) are the main proteins involved in the propagation of the cardiac(More)
Caveolin is believed to play an important role in sorting processes, vesicular trafficking, transmembrane signaling, and molecular transport across membranes. In this study we have evaluated the expression and distribution of caveolin in skeletal muscle and its interaction with GLUT4 glucose carriers. Caveolin was expressed to substantial levels in muscle(More)
Neuregulins regulate the expression of acetylcholine receptor genes and induce development of the neuromuscular junction in muscle. In studying whether neuregulins regulate glucose uptake in muscle, we analyzed the effect of a recombinant neuregulin, (r)heregulin-beta1-(177-244) (HRG), on L6E9 muscle cells, which express the neuregulin receptors ErbB2 and(More)